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Walras et l'économie publique


  • Alain Béraud

    () (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - UCP - Université de Cergy Pontoise - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


Pour Walras, l'économie politique est, à la fois, l'exposé de ce qui est et le programme de ce qui devrait être. Dans son analyse de l'équilibre général, la libre concurrence apparaît comme un mécanisme autorégulateur de la production des richesses. Mais cette démonstration, en montrant sous quelles hypothèses le marché conduit à une situation où la satisfaction des agents est maximale, met en évidence les situations où l'échec du marché rend nécessaire une intervention de l'état.

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  • Alain Béraud, 2011. "Walras et l'économie publique," Post-Print halshs-00508902, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00508902
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Manuela Mosca, 2008. "On the origins of the concept of natural monopoly: Economies of scale and competition," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 317-353.
    2. Domenicantonio Fausto, 2006. "The Italian approach to the theory of public goods," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 69-98.
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    public goods; natural monopoly; Walras; Dupuit; services publics; monopole naturel; optimum;

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