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Les pays de l'Union européenne face aux nouvelles dynamiques des migrations internationales

  • Joël Oudinet

    ()

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - Université 13 - CNRS)

  • Franck Bailly

    (CARE - Centre d'Analyse et de Recherche en Economie - Université de Rouen)

  • El Mouhoub Mouhoud

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - Université 13 - CNRS)

This article is based on an innovative study of migration in Europe exploiting complementary data bases and developing a new typology of migrant categories. The study makes it possible to determine foreign population trends in the EU member states according to several criteria (nationality of migrants, country of birth, employment contracts, sector of employment, level of qualification, etc.) and the dynamic of migration flows from within and outside the EU. The new phenomenon of reiterated migration within the European area is also highlighted. A strong dissymmetry of EU countries' relative positions with respect to migration emerges: some are traditional receiving countries and implement selective opening policies while new immigration countries in Southern Europe operate as transit countries for young and highly qualified migrants from Central and Eastern Europe and the developing countries. There is thus a renewal of migration within the European space, as well as greater complexity, given the growth in reiterated migration of third-country nationals.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2004
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00487079
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  1. Katz, Eliakim & Stark, Oded, 1984. "Migration and Asymmetric Information: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 533-34, June.
  2. John Salt, 1997. "International Movements of the Highly Skilled," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 3, OECD Publishing.
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