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Ex-ante risk premia in the US stock market: analysing experts' behaviour at the individual level

  • Alain Abou

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université de Paris X - Nanterre)

  • Georges Prat

    ()

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université de Paris X - Nanterre)

Semi-annual surveys carried out by J. Livingston on a panel of experts has enabled us to compute the expected returns on a portfolio made up of US industrial stocks. Having calculated the difference between these expected returns and the risk free rate given by zero coupon bonds, we generated about 3000 individual ex-ante risk premia over the 41-year period between 1952 and 1993. Three main conclusions may be drawn from our study. First, these ex-ante premia have mean values that seem closer to the predictions derived from the consumption-based asset pricing theory than the ones obtained for the ex-post premia. Second, the experts' professional affiliation appears to be a significant criterion in discriminating premia. Third, in accordance with the Arbitrage Pricing Theory, ex-ante premia depend on common factors bound up with macroeconomic variables and agents' individual forecasts for inflation and industrial production growth.

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Date of creation: 1986
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00172883
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  1. Eugene F. Fama & Kenneth R. French, 2002. "The Equity Premium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 57(2), pages 637-659, 04.
  2. Narayana R. Kocherlakota, 1995. "The equity premium: it's still a puzzle," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 102, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  3. Roll, Richard & Ross, Stephen A, 1980. " An Empirical Investigation of the Arbitrage Pricing Theory," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 35(5), pages 1073-1103, December.
  4. Stephen G. Cecchetti & Pok-sang Lam & Nelson C. Mark, 1998. "Asset Pricing with Distorted Beliefs: Are Equity Returns Too Good To Be True?," NBER Working Papers 6354, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Cheolbeom Park, 2006. "Rational Beliefs or Distorted Beliefs: The Equity Premium Puzzle and Micro Survey Data," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 677-689, January.
  6. Cheolbeom Park, 2003. "Rational Beliefs or Distorted Beliefs: Equity Premium Puzzle and Micro Survey Data," Departmental Working Papers wp0303, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
  7. Dean Croushore, 1997. "The Livingston Survey: still useful after all these years," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Mar, pages 15-27.
  8. Nicholas Barberis, 2000. "Investing for the Long Run when Returns Are Predictable," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(1), pages 225-264, 02.
  9. Mehra, Rajnish & Prescott, Edward C., 1985. "The equity premium: A puzzle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 145-161, March.
  10. De Santis, Giorgio & Gerard, Bruno, 1997. " International Asset Pricing and Portfolio Diversification with Time-Varying Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(5), pages 1881-1912, December.
  11. Benartzi, Shlomo & Thaler, Richard H, 1995. "Myopic Loss Aversion and the Equity Premium Puzzle," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(1), pages 73-92, February.
  12. Georges Prat, 1996. "Le modèle d'évaluation des actions confronté aux anticipations des agents informés," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(1), pages 85-110.
  13. French, Kenneth R. & Schwert, G. William & Stambaugh, Robert F., 1987. "Expected stock returns and volatility," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 3-29, September.
  14. John Y. Campbell & John Cochrane, 1999. "Force of Habit: A Consumption-Based Explanation of Aggregate Stock Market Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(2), pages 205-251, April.
  15. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1978. "Asset Prices in an Exchange Economy," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1429-45, November.
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