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L'analyse économique des normes : représentation et traitement des interactions dans les modèles de simulation

  • Yves Saillard

    ()

    (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : FRE2664 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)

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    L'ensemble des travaux que l'on regroupe sous la même dénomination d'"analyse économique des normes" sont relativement dispersés. Ce qui fait leur point commun est qu'ils se revendiquent de l'individualisme méthodologique et qu'ils donnent lieu à des modélisations de l'interaction entre les acteurs. La présentation qui en est faite ici vise moins la rédaction d'un "survey" que l'indication des hypothèses principales et des options de recherche choisies. Après avoir précisé les termes d'une convergence de travaux récents vers une analyse économique des normes, on se concentre sur deux grands axes de ces approches : les démarches "analytiques" qui reposent sur des modèles stochastiques, et les simulations multi-agents.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/10/48/66/PDF/PUB04048.pdf
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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00104866.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00104866
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00104866/en/
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    1. Robert L. Axtell, 2000. "Effect of Interaction Topology and Activation Regime in Several Multi-Agent Systems," Working Papers 00-07-039, Santa Fe Institute.
    2. Charles F. Manski, 2000. "Economic Analysis of Social Interactions," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 115-136, Summer.
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    5. Sugden, Robert, 1989. "Spontaneous Order," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(4), pages 85-97, Fall.
    6. Blume,L.E. & Durlauf,S.N., 2000. "The interactions-based approach to socioeconomic behavior," Working papers 1, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
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    8. Leigh Tesfatsion, 2002. "Agent-Based Computational Economics," Computational Economics 0203001, EconWPA, revised 15 Aug 2002.
    9. Joseph E. Harrington & Jr., 1999. "Rigidity of Social Systems," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(1), pages 40-64, February.
    10. Joshua M. Epstein & Robert L. Axtell, 1996. "Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262550253, June.
    11. H. Peyton Young, 1996. "The Economics of Convention," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 105-122, Spring.
    12. Axtell, R. & Epstein, J.M. & Young, H.P., 2000. "The Emergence of Classes in a Multi-Agent Bargaining Model," Papers 9, Brookings Institution - Working Papers.
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