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Reducing emissions of the fast growing Vietnamese coal sector: the chances offered by biomass co-firing

Author

Listed:
  • An Truong

    () (CleanED - Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Lab - USTH - University of sciences and technologies of hanoi)

  • Piera Patrizio
  • Sylvain Leduc

    (IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)

  • Florian Kraxner

    (IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)

  • Minh Ha-Duong

    () (CIRED - Centre international de recherche sur l'environnement et le développement - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Vietnam's Power Development Plan 7A authorized many new coal power plants projects, implying an increase of greenhouse gases emissions from 90 MtCO2eq/year today to 360 MtCO2eq/year in 2030. How could co-firing technology-that is the partial substitution of coal by biomass-contributes to mitigate that problem? In this study, we assess the costs and potentials of co-firing rice residues in present and planned coal power plants in Vietnam using a spatially explicit optimization model: BeWhere, adapted as recursive annual dynamic. We found that, the cost of CO2 emissions is the key parameter determining at what level the technology is used. A cost of CO2 emissions of 8 $/tCO2 mobilizes the maximum technical potential of the rice straw and husk domestic resource, with an annual emission reduction of 28 MtCO2eq/year by 2030. At this level, biomass co-firing contributes to an 8% emission reduction in the coal power sector with the abatement cost of 137 Million USD.

Suggested Citation

  • An Truong & Piera Patrizio & Sylvain Leduc & Florian Kraxner & Minh Ha-Duong, 2019. "Reducing emissions of the fast growing Vietnamese coal sector: the chances offered by biomass co-firing," Post-Print hal-01974493, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01974493
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.065
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01974493
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dzikuć, Maciej & Piwowar, Arkadiusz, 2016. "Ecological and economic aspects of electric energy production using the biomass co-firing method: The case of Poland," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 856-862.
    2. Roni, Mohammad S. & Chowdhury, Sudipta & Mamun, Saleh & Marufuzzaman, Mohammad & Lein, William & Johnson, Samuel, 2017. "Biomass co-firing technology with policies, challenges, and opportunities: A global review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 1089-1101.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nong, Duy & Nguyen, Duong Binh & Nguyen, Trung H. & Wang, Can & Siriwardana, Mahinda, 2020. "A stronger energy strategy for a new era of economic development in Vietnam: A quantitative assessment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    2. Joachim Kozioł & Joanna Czubala & Michał Kozioł & Piotr Ziembicki, 2020. "Generalized Energy and Ecological Characteristics of the Process of Co-Firing Coal with Biomass in a Steam Boiler," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(10), pages 1-12, May.
    3. Aviso, K.B. & Sy, C.L. & Tan, R.R. & Ubando, A.T., 2020. "Fuzzy optimization of carbon management networks based on direct and indirect biomass co-firing," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    spatial explicit exploration; greenhouse gas emissions; Co-firing; emission reduction; bioenergy; rice residues;

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