IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Reducing emissions of the fast growing Vietnamese coal sector: the chances offered by biomass co-firing


  • An Truong

    () (CleanED - Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Lab - USTH - University of sciences and technologies of hanoi)

  • Piera Patrizio
  • Sylvain Leduc

    (IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)

  • Florian Kraxner

    (IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)

  • Minh Ha-Duong

    () (CIRED - Centre international de recherche sur l'environnement et le développement - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


Vietnam's Power Development Plan 7A authorized many new coal power plants projects, implying an increase of greenhouse gases emissions from 90 MtCO2eq/year today to 360 MtCO2eq/year in 2030. How could co-firing technology-that is the partial substitution of coal by biomass-contributes to mitigate that problem? In this study, we assess the costs and potentials of co-firing rice residues in present and planned coal power plants in Vietnam using a spatially explicit optimization model: BeWhere, adapted as recursive annual dynamic. We found that, the cost of CO2 emissions is the key parameter determining at what level the technology is used. A cost of CO2 emissions of 8 $/tCO2 mobilizes the maximum technical potential of the rice straw and husk domestic resource, with an annual emission reduction of 28 MtCO2eq/year by 2030. At this level, biomass co-firing contributes to an 8% emission reduction in the coal power sector with the abatement cost of 137 Million USD.

Suggested Citation

  • An Truong & Piera Patrizio & Sylvain Leduc & Florian Kraxner & Minh Ha-Duong, 2019. "Reducing emissions of the fast growing Vietnamese coal sector: the chances offered by biomass co-firing," Post-Print hal-01974493, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01974493
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.065
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server:

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dzikuć, Maciej & Piwowar, Arkadiusz, 2016. "Ecological and economic aspects of electric energy production using the biomass co-firing method: The case of Poland," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 856-862.
    2. Roni, Mohammad S. & Chowdhury, Sudipta & Mamun, Saleh & Marufuzzaman, Mohammad & Lein, William & Johnson, Samuel, 2017. "Biomass co-firing technology with policies, challenges, and opportunities: A global review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 1089-1101.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Nong, Duy & Nguyen, Duong Binh & Nguyen, Trung H. & Wang, Can & Siriwardana, Mahinda, 2020. "A stronger energy strategy for a new era of economic development in Vietnam: A quantitative assessment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    2. Joachim Kozioł & Joanna Czubala & Michał Kozioł & Piotr Ziembicki, 2020. "Generalized Energy and Ecological Characteristics of the Process of Co-Firing Coal with Biomass in a Steam Boiler," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(10), pages 1-12, May.
    3. Aviso, K.B. & Sy, C.L. & Tan, R.R. & Ubando, A.T., 2020. "Fuzzy optimization of carbon management networks based on direct and indirect biomass co-firing," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).

    More about this item


    spatial explicit exploration; greenhouse gas emissions; Co-firing; emission reduction; bioenergy; rice residues;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01974493. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.