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Entrepreneurial environment at regional level: the case of Polish path towards sustainable socio-economic development


  • Michał Barnard Pietrzak

    (Nicolaus Copernicus University [Toruń])

  • Adam P. Balcerzak

    (Nicolaus Copernicus University [Toruń])

  • Artur Gajdos

    (University of Lódź)

  • Łukasz Arendt

    (University of Lódź)


Globalization process creates fovurable conditions for dynamic development of economic centers both at national and regional level. Yet, it may be an obstacle for growth for peripheral countries and regions. In the European Union one can confirm convergence process at national level. However, in Central European countries the convergence of national economies does not support sustainable growth at regional level and regional convergence process. This situation often leads to the problem of draining up of scarce resources from peripheral regions, which negatively affects their entrepreneurship potential and sustainable socioeconomic development. In the longer run this unbalanced spatial growth can become a significant obstacle for welfare improvements. In this context, the purpose of the article is to analyze the quality of entrepreneurial environment in Poland at regional level within the context of sustainability framework. The research was done for NUTS 2 regions in the years 2010-2014. The quality of entrepreneurial environment is considered here as a multiple-criteria phenomenon that should be treated as a latent variable. Thus, in the research Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis was applied. Values of the latent variable were assessed based on confirmatory factor analysis, which provided information on the socioeconomic development of Polish regions, which determinates the entrepreneurial conditions. In order to group the regions to homogenous subsets natural breaks method was used. The conducted research confirms the process of improvement of entrepreneurial conditions in most of the NUTS 2 regions in Poland. From the perspective of regional convergence process, on the one hand, one can point some positive factors such as noticeable improvements in some underdeveloped regions. However, the dominance of the central region and significant disparities between the NUTS 2 are still relatively stable and extensive. From the methodological perspective the article shows the applicability of SEM methodology to national and regional analysis with application of data from national statistics.

Suggested Citation

  • Michał Barnard Pietrzak & Adam P. Balcerzak & Artur Gajdos & Łukasz Arendt, 2017. "Entrepreneurial environment at regional level: the case of Polish path towards sustainable socio-economic development," Post-Print hal-01703293, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01703293
    DOI: 10.9770/jesi.2017.5.2(2)
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    Cited by:

    1. Bogdan Włodarczyk & Marek Szturo & George Ionescu & Daniela Firoiu & Ramona Pirvu & Roxana Badircea, 2018. "The impact of credit availability on small and medium companies," Post-Print hal-01773998, HAL.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:6:p:1772-:d:149456 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:ssi:jouesi:v:5:y:2018:i:3:p:565-580 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Structural Equation Modeling (SEM); multiple-criteria analysis; entrepreneurship at regional level; Poland; regional sustainability; entrepreneurial environment;

    JEL classification:

    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development

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