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New employment experiences and trajectories between salary-earning and entrepreneurs


  • Isabela Dos Santos Paes

    (DEFI - Département Droit, Economie et Finances - TEM - Télécom Ecole de Management - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris] - IMT-BS - Institut Mines-Télécom Business School)

  • Géraldine Guérillot

    (Umalis lab (ESCP Europe & Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Ecole de Management))

  • Jean-Luc Moriceau

    (DEFI - Département Droit, Economie et Finances - TEM - Télécom Ecole de Management - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris] - IMT-BS - Institut Mines-Télécom Business School)

  • Julien Billion

    (Umalis lab (ESCP Europe & Institut Mines-Télécom-Télécom Ecole de Management))


Traditionally, as well as in pop culture, entrepreneurship is conceived of as opposed to salary-earning, and decision from being a salaried employee to entrepreneur as a great leap. However, entrepreneurship studies and new employment forms blur this border between two worlds and the plunging from one world to the other. A study is conducted on employees working at this frontier: French umbrella professionals (salariés portés), inquiring qualitatively about their conception of entrepreneurship, their experience of crossing and of their new condition, as well as their aspirations, fears and values. No leap in activity was found, but there was the feeling of having shifted to another mental universe. The respondents had all the feeling of being entrepreneurs without creating new products, markets or business ventures. They enjoy their full engagement in their work and experience a different relation to time. Considering themselves as entrepreneurs grants them with a desirable social status, but underscores their risky position and an increased portion of their life to be devoted to work. This study aims at providing guidance for public policies fostering employment through entrepreneurship and for workers considering such a working hybrid status. It also puts into perspective the classical contours of entrepreneurship and salaried positions and call for closer examination of the new forms of employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabela Dos Santos Paes & Géraldine Guérillot & Jean-Luc Moriceau & Julien Billion, 2015. "New employment experiences and trajectories between salary-earning and entrepreneurs," Post-Print hal-01256741, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01256741
    DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2015.030901
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nicholas Dew & S. Sarasvathy & S. Venkataraman, 2004. "The economic implications of exaptation," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 69-84, January.
    2. Mair, Johanna & Marti, Ignasi, 2009. "Entrepreneurship in and around institutional voids: A case study from Bangladesh," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 419-435, September.
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    More about this item


    Independent Workers; Umbrella Company; Work Experience; Career Trajectory; Entrepreneurship;

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