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Un travail qui ne compte pas ? La valorisation monétaire du bénévolat associatif

  • Edith Archambault

    ()

    (Axe Institutions - CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS)

  • Lionel Prouteau

    ()

    (LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - UN - Université de Nantes)

Volunteering is considered first as a gift of time but the world of the gift does not generally fit into the framework of the economic calculation. Yet, volunteer work represents an important productive resource which is taken into account by voluntary associations and nonprofit institutions. This paper intends to estimate its money value. First, the difficulties raised by such an exercise are examined. They result from the lack of regularity and from the heterogeneity of surveys on volunteering. These difficulties also originate in the conceivable methods for attributing a money value to activities which, by nature, are extraneous to this type of measurement. These difficulties are not insurmountable provided statisticians agree about shared conventions. Secondly, the paper gives a money value to French association volunteering, drawing on an association survey carried out by a research team from the Sorbonne Economics Centre. Results show that voluntary work accounts for from 1 % to 2 % of GDP according to the method chosen for this exercise of valuation. This amount represents about from 50% to 80% of the wages paid to the employees of associations and, in any case, it greatly outweighs the donations of money.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00550382.

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Date of creation: Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00550382
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00550382
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  1. Camille Landais & Gabrielle Fack, 2009. "Les incitations fiscales aux dons sont-elles efficaces ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 427(1), pages 101-121.
  2. France Caillavet, 1998. "La production domestique des femmes réduit l'inégalité des revenus familiaux," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 311(1), pages 75-89.
  3. Edith Archambault, 2002. "Le travail bénévole en France et en Europe," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00118632, HAL.
  4. Chadeau, Ann, 1985. "Measuring Household Activities: Some International Comparisons," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 31(3), pages 237-53, September.
  5. Bernard Berg & Werner Brouwer & Marc Koopmanschap, 2004. "Economic valuation of informal care," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 36-45, February.
  6. Edith Archambault & Lionel Prouteau, 2009. "Mesurer le bénévolat pour en améliorer la connaissance et satisfaire à une recommandation internationale," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00366314, HAL.
  7. Lionel Prouteau & François-Charles Wolff, 2004. "Le travail bénévole : un essai de quantification et de valorisation," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 373(1), pages 33-56.
  8. Osberg, L. & Sharpe, A., 1998. "An Index of Economic Well-being for Canada," Department of Economics at Dalhousie University working papers archive 98-08, Dalhousie, Department of Economics.
  9. Akerlof, George A, 1982. "Labor Contracts as Partial Gift Exchange," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 97(4), pages 543-69, November.
  10. Archambault, E., 2000. "Foundations in France," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 2000.43, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  11. Annie Fouquet & Ann Chadeau, 1981. "Peut-on mesurer le travail domestique ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 136(1), pages 29-42.
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