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L'emploi public : un remède au chômage ?

Author

Listed:
  • Yann Algan

    () (FRJ - Fédération de recherche Jourdan - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CEPREMAP - Centre pour la recherche économique et ses applications - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris)

  • Pierre Cahuc

    (CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - ENSAI - Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Analyse de l'Information [Bruz] - X - École polytechnique - ENSAE ParisTech - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique)

  • André Zylberberg

    () (EUREQUA - Equipe Universitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantitative - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cet article étudie les conséquences de l'emploi public sur les performances du marché du travail dans 17 pays de l'OCDE au cours de la période 1960-2000. Les investigations empiriques suggèrent que la création d'un emploi public détruit environ 1,5 emplois privés, augmente le nombre de chômeurs de 0,3 et diminue faiblement la participation au marché du travail. L'effet d'éviction est plus important dans les pays où, d'une part, la production du secteur public est fortement substituable à celle du secteur privé et où, d'autre part, les rentes de situation existant dans le secteur publicsont élevées.

Suggested Citation

  • Yann Algan & Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2002. "L'emploi public : un remède au chômage ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00256206, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00256206
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00256206
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Demekas, Dimitri G & Kontolemis, Zenon G, 2000. " Government Employment and Wages and Labour Market Performance," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 62(3), pages 391-415, July.
    2. Holmlund, Bertil, 1997. "Macroeconomic Implications of Cash Limits in the Public Sector," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 64(253), pages 49-62, February.
    3. Holmlund, Bertil & Linden, Johan, 1993. "Job matching, temporary public employment, and equilibrium unemployment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 329-343, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Emploi; emploi public; chômage;

    JEL classification:

    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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