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L'emploi public : un remède au chômage ?


  • Pierre Cahuc
  • Yann Algan
  • André Zylberberg


[fre] Cet article étudie les conséquences de l'emploi public sur les performances du marché du travail dans dix-sept pays de l'OCDE au cours de la période 1960-2000. Les investigations empiriques suggèrent que la création d'un emploi public détruit environ 1,5 emploi privé, augmente le nombre de chômeurs de 0,3 et diminue faiblement la participation au marché du travail. L'effet d'éviction est plus important dans les pays où, d'une part, la production du secteur public est fortement substituable à celle du secteur privé et où, d'autre part, les rentes de situation existant dans le secteur public sont élevées. [eng] Public employment and labor market performance. . This paper deals with the consequence of public employment on labor market performances in 17 OECD countries over the period 1960-2000. Empirical evidence suggests that the creation of one public job destroyed about 1,5 private job, sightly decreased participation to the labor market and eventually increased the number of unemployed workers by 0,3. It is also suggested that the crowding out effect of public jobs on private jobs is more important in countries in which public production is highly substitutable to private activities and in which the public sector provides high rents.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre Cahuc & Yann Algan & André Zylberberg, 2002. "L'emploi public : un remède au chômage ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(3), pages 589-598.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410429
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410429

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Demekas, Dimitri G & Kontolemis, Zenon G, 2000. " Government Employment and Wages and Labour Market Performance," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 62(3), pages 391-415, July.
    2. Holmlund, Bertil, 1997. "Macroeconomic Implications of Cash Limits in the Public Sector," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 64(253), pages 49-62, February.
    3. Holmlund, Bertil & Linden, Johan, 1993. "Job matching, temporary public employment, and equilibrium unemployment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 329-343, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. J.-M. Daussin-Benichou & S. Idmachiche & A. Leduc & E. Pouliquen, 2015. "The determinants of state civil service attractiveness," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2015-09, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets


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