L'emploi public : un remède au chômage ?
[fre] Cet article étudie les conséquences de l'emploi public sur les performances du marché du travail dans dix-sept pays de l'OCDE au cours de la période 1960-2000. Les investigations empiriques suggèrent que la création d'un emploi public détruit environ 1,5 emploi privé, augmente le nombre de chômeurs de 0,3 et diminue faiblement la participation au marché du travail. L'effet d'éviction est plus important dans les pays où, d'une part, la production du secteur public est fortement substituable à celle du secteur privé et où, d'autre part, les rentes de situation existant dans le secteur public sont élevées. [eng] Public employment and labor market performance This paper deals with the consequence of public employment on labor market performances in 17 OECD countries over the period 1960-2000. Empirical evidence suggests that the creation of one public job destroyed about 1,5 private job, sightly decreased participation to the labor market and eventually increased the number of unemployed workers by 0,3. It is also suggested that the crowding out effect of public jobs on private jobs is more important in countries in which public production is highly substitutable to private activities and in which the public sector provides high rents.
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Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Zenon Kontolemis & Dimitri G Demekas, 1999. "Government Employment and Wages and Labor Market Performance," IMF Working Papers 99/55, International Monetary Fund.
- Demekas, Dimitri G & Kontolemis, Zenon G, 2000. " Government Employment and Wages and Labour Market Performance," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 62(3), pages 391-415, July.
- Holmlund, Bertil, 1997. "Macroeconomic Implications of Cash Limits in the Public Sector," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 64(253), pages 49-62, February.
- Holmlund, Bertil & Linden, Johan, 1993.
"Job matching, temporary public employment, and equilibrium unemployment,"
Journal of Public Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 329-343, July.
- Holmlund, B. & Linden, J., 1991. "Job Matching, Temporary Public Employment, and Equilibrium Unemployment," Papers 1991l, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
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