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Entrepreneur et croissance économique : développements récents

  • François Facchini

    ()

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne, EDJ - Université de Reims - Champagne Ardenne)

L'objet de cet article est de présenter l'importante littérature qui s'est développée à la frontière des sciences économiques et de gestion autour du rôle de l'entrepreneur dans la croissance économique et d'en discuter les conclusions. Le message de ces travaux est simple : sans entrepreneur, pas ou moins de croissance économique. La première section montre pourquoi l'entrepreneur est à l'origine de la croissance. Le cœur du processus de création de richesse est l'individu qui identifie un profit, c'est-à-dire un échange mutuellement avantageux. Ce profit peut être un profit d'innovation, d'arbitrage ou de spéculation. Dans tous les cas, c'est l'acte d'identification qui est porteur de croissance. La deuxième section montre que l'innovation est effectivement une cause importante de la croissance des pays développés mais qu'il ne faut pas généraliser ce modèle de croissance par le haut à l'ensemble des pays. L'imitation est aussi une source de croissance. La troisième section présente un certain nombre de travaux empiriques qui accréditent la plupart des propositions théoriques exposées dans les sections précédentes.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00270436.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Publication status: Published, Revue d'Economie Industrielle, 2007, 119, 55-84
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00270436
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00270436
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