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Entrepreneur et croissance économique : développements récents

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  • François Facchini

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The object of this article is to present the important literature that developed on the border of economic sciences and management around the role of the entrepreneur in the economic growth, and to discuss its main conclusions. The message of these works is simple: without entrepreneur, no or less economic growth. The first section shows why the entrepreneur is at the origin of growth. The heart of the process of creation of wealth is the individual who identifies a profit, i.e. a mutually advantageous exchange. This profit can be a profit of innovation, arbitration or speculation. In all the cases, it is the act of identification that carries growth. The second section shows that innovation is indeed an important cause of the growth of the developed countries but that this model of growth from the top should not be generalized to all countries. Imitation is also a source of growth. The third section presents various empirical tests that accredit the majority of the theoretical proposals exposed in the preceding sections.

Suggested Citation

  • François Facchini, 2007. "Entrepreneur et croissance économique : développements récents," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00270436, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00270436
    DOI: 10.4000/rei.2033
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00270436
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David B. Audretsch & A. Roy Thurik, 2000. "Capitalism and democracy in the 21st Century: from the managed to the entrepreneurial economy," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 17-34.
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    6. Glaeser, Edward L & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(6), pages 1126-1152, December.
      • Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    7. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
    8. Minniti, Maria, 2005. "Entrepreneurship and network externalities," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 1-27, May.
    9. Audretsch, David B. & Keilbach, Max C. & Lehmann, Erik E., 2006. "Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195183511.
    10. Randall G. Holcombe, 2004. "National Income Accounting and Public Policy," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 17(4), pages 387-405, December.
    11. Leff, Nathaniel H, 1979. "Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: The Problem Revisited," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 17(1), pages 46-64, March.
    12. Jacques Mairesse & Pierre Mohnen, 2001. "To Be or Not To Be Innovative: An Exercise in Measurement," NBER Working Papers 8644, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Kirzner, Israel M, 1999. "Creativity and/or Alertness: A Reconsideration of the Schumpeterian Entrepreneur," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 11(1-2), pages 5-17.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2013. "Determinants of Entrepreneurship in French Regions: The Role of Spatial Heterogeneity," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201312, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    2. Kodila-Tedika, Oasis, 2012. "Entrepreneurship and property right: de Soto'r right
      [Entrepreneuriat et droit de propriété : de Soto a raison]
      ," MPRA Paper 43464, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2015. "The factors determining firm start-ups in French regions and the heterogeneity of regional labor markets," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 54(1), pages 251-268, January.

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