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Auto-seleção e aprendizado no comércio exterior das firmas industriais brasileiras

  • Sérgio Kannebley Júnior

    (Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade - Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo)

  • Luiz Alberto Esteves

    (Departament of Economics, Universidade Federal do Paraná)

  • Alexandre Messa Peixoto da Silva

    (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada)

  • Bruno César O. de Pino Araújo

    (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada)

This article looks for to carry through an integrated analysis of the auto-selection hypotheses and learning by exporting hypothesis, offering elements for the quarrel on the recent promotion of exportations policies. We use here Brazilian manufacturing firms data from 2000 to 2006, from the Escritoire of Foreign Trade (SECEX), Annual Relation of Social Information (RAIS), and of the Annual Industrial Research (PIA). Beyond the descriptive analysis on the observable firm´s characteristics, this work has an econometrical analysis on the persistence, and the permanence firm´s determinants on the exporting activity. Its main results indicate that hysteresis in the exporting activity is stronger in micron and small companies, being such main categories responsible for the entrance flows and the exit in the external market. Aftermath, it exists a clear relation between entrance value, persistence and permanence in the exporting activity. However, as it was possible to observe this relation is not only based on by the auto-selection arguments, but also for the arguments related to the hypothesis of learning by exportations, as long as we obtain evidences of differentiated paths for of productivity premium before, and later, to the entrance in the external market.

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Paper provided by Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0087.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fup:wpaper:0087
Note: Creation Date corresponds to the year in which the paper was published on the Department of Economics website. The paper may have been written a small number of months before its publication date.
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  1. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2003. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1268-1290, September.
  2. Melitz, Marc J, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," CEPR Discussion Papers 3381, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo López, 2005. "Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(4), pages 1384-1400, November.
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