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Regions, Nations and Beyond In Marshallian External Economies



The clearest expressions of Marshallian external economies are found in the life and working of compact industrial districts. However Alfred Marshall did not limit their application to such types of places, nor to their territorial scale. This paper illustrates some important extensions found in Marshall’s works, particularly in Industry and Trade, concerning firstly the advantages accruing to industrial districts within larger industrial regions and national contexts. The concept of a national capital including technical, human and social resources, or of a “Marshallian capital” as Silvio Goglio proposed to call it, plays a pivotal role in suggesting both the common nature of the different expressions and scales of Marshallian external economies, and the possible interrelation between them. Processes and conditions associated by Marshall to either non place-bound or distant trans-local contexts of external economies are considered too. An implicit and open multi-territorial framework emerges. Some of its different meanings are discussed in the conclusions of this paper with the help of interpreta-tions of industrial districts, regions, nations, and global networks developed after Mar-shall, starting from those of Austin Robinson and Giacomo Becattini.

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  • Marco Bellandi, 2009. "Regions, Nations and Beyond In Marshallian External Economies," Working Papers - Economics wp2009_13.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
  • Handle: RePEc:frz:wpaper:wp2009_13.rdf

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. AnnaLee Saxenian & Charles Sabel, 2009. "The New Argonauts, Global Search and Local Institution Building," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Industrial Districts, chapter 18 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Claude Dupuy & André Torre, 2006. "Local clusters, trust, confidence and proximity," Chapters,in: Clusters and Globalisation, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Gabi Dei Ottati, 2009. "Semi-automatic and Deliberate Actions in the Evolution of Industrial Districts," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Industrial Districts, chapter 16 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Jean-Pierre Gilly & Jacques Perrat, 2006. "The institutional dynamics at work in territories: between local governance and global regulation," Chapters,in: Clusters and Globalisation, chapter 7 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Marco Bellandi, 2009. "External Economies, Specific Public Goods and Policies," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Industrial Districts, chapter 50 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Michael Storper, 2009. "The Economics of Context, Location and Trade: Another Great Transformation?," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Industrial Districts, chapter 12 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. Tibor Scitovsky, 1954. "Two Concepts of External Economies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62, pages 143-143.
    8. Ash Amin & Patrick Cohendet, 2005. "Geographies of Knowledge Formation in Firms," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 465-486.
    9. Michael H. Best, 2009. "Massachusetts High Tech: A ‘Manufactory of Species’," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Industrial Districts, chapter 46 Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    More about this item


    External economies; Alfred Marshall; industrial districts; regions and nations;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • B10 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - General

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