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Economic reform in Europe and the former Soviet Union: implications for international food markets


  • Tyers, Rod


Policy reforms in the wake of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) are expected to reduce food exports in Western Europe. Will the transition to market- oriented policy regimes in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union expand agricultural production there, eventually offsetting the reductions in Western Europe and leading to food surpluses for the region as a whole? What effects will these changes have on the rural sectors of developing countries? Addressing these questions quantitatively, Rod Tyers concludes that agricultural exports in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union countries could expand enough to more than offset decreases in exports from reforms in Western Europe. Tyers estimates that the combined grain exports of Europe and the former Soviet Union could increase world supplies by as much as 44 million metric tons by 2000, leading to a reduction in world food prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Tyers, Rod, 1994. "Economic reform in Europe and the former Soviet Union: implications for international food markets," Research reports 99, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:resrep:99

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    Cited by:

    1. Anania, Giovanni, 2001. "Modeling Agricultural Trade Liberalization. A Review," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20758, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Anderson, Kym, 1995. "Agricultural Competitiveness After the Uruguay Round," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 63(03), December.
    3. Sedik, David J. & Liefert, William M. & Liapis, Peter S., 1997. "Economic Reform in the Newly Independent States of the Former USSR: Effects on Agricultural Production and Trade to 2005," 1997: Economic Transition in Central and East Europe, and the Former Soviet Union: Implications ... Symposium, June 12-14, 1997, Berlin, Germany 50844, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    4. Duncan, Ronald C., 1997. "World food markets into the 21st century: commodity risk management policies," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 41(3), September.
    5. Alejandro Gutiérrez, 1997. "Public spending and capital stock accumulation in the Venezuelan agricultural sector," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 22(13), pages 61-92, January-D.
    6. Weyerbrock, Silvia, 2001. "The impact of agricultural productivity increases in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe on world agricultural markets," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 26(3), pages 237-251, December.
    7. Johnson, D. Gale, 1997. "North American And The World Grain Market," Trade Research Center Special Reports 29177, Montana State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics.
    8. Anderson, Kym, 1995. "Impacts of New Multilateral and Regional Integration Agreements on Agricultural Competitiveness of Advanced Economies," 1994 Conference, August 22-29, 1994, Harare, Zimbabwe 183378, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    9. Rejesus, Roderick M. & Heisey, Paul W. & Smale, Melinda, 1999. "Sources of Productivity Growth in Wheat: A Review of Recent Performance and Medium- to Long-Term Prospects," Economics Working Papers 7693, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.


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