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A post-separation Social Accounting Matrix for the Sudan


  • Siddig, Khalid
  • Elagra, Samir
  • Grethe, Harald
  • Mubarak, Amel


The 2012 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the Sudan, with a special focus on agriculture, water, and energy, is built using data from domestic sources in the Sudan, including the Central Bureau of Statistics, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, and the Central Bank of Sudan, besides other external sources. Major data sets used include the 2012 National Accounts and Trade Statistics of the CBS, the 53rd Annual Report of the Central Bank of the Sudan, the 2011 Labor Force Survey, the 2009 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, the 2009-2012 Agricultural Production Cost Survey, and the 2005 Industrial Survey. Data from external sources are used to complement national sources. These sources include IMF studies on government finances, FAO reports and data on agriculture, and ILO reports on labor. The SAM distinguishes between agricultural activities based on modes of irrigation, energy based on its major source, and water based on modes of production and types of uses. Land is divided into irrigated and non-irrigated, while natural water resources are added in a separate account. Households are categorized by state, location (rural and urban), and income quintiles. Labor accounts are differentiated based on location (rural and urban), skill level, and gender.

Suggested Citation

  • Siddig, Khalid & Elagra, Samir & Grethe, Harald & Mubarak, Amel, 2018. "A post-separation Social Accounting Matrix for the Sudan," MENA working papers 8, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:menawp:8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. International Monetary Fund, 2016. "Portugal: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Portugal," IMF Staff Country Reports 2016/300, International Monetary Fund.
    2. World Bank, 2015. "World Development Indicators 2015," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 21634, December.
    3. World Bank, 2016. "World Development Indicators 2016," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 23969, December.
    4. International Monetary Fund, 2016. "Sudan: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sudan," IMF Staff Country Reports 2016/324, International Monetary Fund.
    5. International Monetary Fund, 2014. "Sudan: Staff-Monitored Program," IMF Staff Country Reports 2014/203, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Council on Food Agricultural and Resource Economics, C-FARE, 2014. "2013 Annual Report," C-FARE Reports 260836, Council on Food, Agricultural, and Resource Economics (C-FARE).
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    Cited by:

    1. Grethe, H. & Siddig, K. & Stepanyan, D. & Zhu, T. & Wiebelt, M., 2018. "Beyond mean rainfall and temperature changes: distributional effects of stochastic yield variability in the Sudan," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 275903, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Davit Stepanyan & Harald Grethe & Khalid Siddig, 2019. "Comment on "A Monte Carlo filtering application for systematic sensitivity analysis of computable general equilibrium results"," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(3), pages 1925-1929.
    3. Siddig, Khalid & Stepanyan, Davit & Wiebelt, Manfred & Grethe, Harald & Zhu, Tingju, 2020. "Climate change and agriculture in the Sudan: Impact pathways beyond changes in mean rainfall and temperature," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 169(C).
    4. Mohammed Basheer & Victor Nechifor & Alvaro Calzadilla & Solomon Gebrechorkos & David Pritchard & Nathan Forsythe & Jose M. Gonzalez & Justin Sheffield & Hayley J. Fowler & Julien J. Harou, 2023. "Cooperative adaptive management of the Nile River with climate and socio-economic uncertainties," Nature Climate Change, Nature, vol. 13(1), pages 48-57, January.
    5. Siddig, Khalid & Basheer, Mohammed & Luckmann, Jonas & Grethe, Harald, 2019. "Long-term economy-wide impacts of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on Sudan," Conference papers 333118, Purdue University, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Global Trade Analysis Project.
    6. Kinkpe, A. Thierry & Luckmann, Jonas & Grethe, Harald & Siddig, Khalid, 2022. "A 2019 Social Accounting Matrix for Benin with Detailed Representation of Agriculture and Food Processing Sectors," Working Paper Series 320878, Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    7. Artavia Oreamuno, Marco A. & Siddig, Khalid, 2020. "What does the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2017-2026 imply for income distribution in the Sudan and Ethiopia," Working Paper Series 305789, Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics.

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    More about this item


    EGYPT; ARAB COUNTRIES; MIDDLE EAST; NORTH AFRICA; SUDAN; EAST AFRICA; AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA; AFRICA; agriculture; water; energy; data collection; data; aggregate data; economic indicators; databases; Social Accounting Matrix (SAM); E16 General Aggregative Models: Social Accounting Matrix;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E16 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Social Accounting Matrix

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