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Common-pool resources, livelihoods, and resilience: Critical challenges for governance in Cambodia

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  • Ratner, Blake D.

Abstract

Common-pool resource management is a critical element in the interlocked challenges of food security, nutrition, poverty reduction, and environmental sustainability. This paper examines strategic policy choices and governance challenges facing Cambodia's forests and fisheries, the most economically important subsectors of agriculture that rely on common-pool resources. It then outlines policy priorities for institutional development to achieve improvements in implementing these goals. The core argument is that (1) policy support for community-based management in forestry and fisheries requires explicit prioritization to protect against threats from other types of private- and public-sector investment; and (2) the success of these initiatives depends on more systemic governance reforms that address issues of stakeholder representation, mechanisms of accountability, and institutional capacity.

Suggested Citation

  • Ratner, Blake D., 2011. "Common-pool resources, livelihoods, and resilience: Critical challenges for governance in Cambodia," IFPRI discussion papers 1149, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1149
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter Dorner & William C Thiesenhusen, 1990. "Selected Land Reforms in East and Southeast Asia: Their Origins and Impacts," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 4(1), pages 65-95, March.
    2. Markussen, Thomas, 2008. "Property Rights, Productivity, and Common Property Resources: Insights from Rural Cambodia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 2277-2296, November.
    3. Clements, Tom & John, Ashish & Nielsen, Karen & An, Dara & Tan, Setha & Milner-Gulland, E.J., 2010. "Payments for biodiversity conservation in the context of weak institutions: Comparison of three programs from Cambodia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(6), pages 1283-1291, April.
    4. Weingart, Anne & Kirk, Michael, 2008. "Escaping poverty traps?: Collective action and property rights in post-war rural Cambodia," CAPRi working papers 89, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Blake D. Ratner & Sovannarith So & Kosal Mam & Il Oeur & Sour Kim, 2017. "Conflict and collective action in Tonle Sap fisheries: adapting governance to support community livelihoods," Natural Resources Forum, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(2), pages 71-82, May.
    2. Ratner, Blake D. & Halpern, Guy & Kosal & Mam, 2011. "Catalyzing collective action to address natural resource conflict: Lessons from Cambodia's Tonle Sap Lake," CAPRi working papers 103, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Haftu Etsay & Shunji Oniki & Melaku Berhe & Teklay Negash, 2022. "The Watershed Communal Land Management and Livelihood of Rural Households in Kilte Awlaelo Woreda, Tigray Region, Ethiopia," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(20), pages 1-19, October.
    4. Ratner, B.D. & Burnley, C. & Mugisha, S. & Madzudzo, E. & Oeur, Il & Mam, K. & Rüttinger, L. & Chilufya, L. & Adriázola, P., 2014. "Dialogue to address the roots of resource competition: Lessons for policy and practice," Monographs, The WorldFish Center, number 40437, April.

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    Keywords

    Development policy; environmental security; Fisheries; food security; forestry; Governance; Natural resources; social-ecological resilience;
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