IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

From subsistence to profit: Transforming smallholder farms


  • Fan, Shenggen
  • Brzeska, Joanna
  • Keyzer, Michiel
  • Halsema, Alex


This food policy report presents a typology of the diverse livelihood strategies and development pathways for smallholder farmers in developing countries, and offers policy recommendations to help potentially profitable smallholders meet emerging risks and challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Fan, Shenggen & Brzeska, Joanna & Keyzer, Michiel & Halsema, Alex, 2013. "From subsistence to profit: Transforming smallholder farms," Food policy reports 26, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:fprepo:26

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Zhang, Xiaobo & Yang, Jin & Wang, Shenglin, 2011. "China has reached the Lewis turning point," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 542-554.
    2. Jin Yang & Zuhui Huang & Xiaobo Zhang & Thomas Reardon, 2013. "The Rapid Rise of Cross-Regional Agricultural Mechanization Services in China," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 95(5), pages 1245-1251.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Hatzenbuehler, Patrick L. & Mavrotas, George, 2017. "Macroeconomic Factor Influence on Agricultural Program Sustainability in Kaduna State, Nigeria," Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Papers 265415, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics, Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security (FSP).
    2. repec:fpr:ifpric:9780896292833_07 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jlands:v:7:y:2018:i:2:p:49-:d:141103 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Katsushi S. Imai & Raghav Gaiha, 2014. "Dynamic and Long-term Linkages among Growth, Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 1410, Economics, The University of Manchester.
    5. Houssou, Nazaire & Chapoto, Anthony & Asante-Addo, Collins, 2016. "Farm transition and indigenous growth: The rise to medium- and large-scale farming in Ghana:," IFPRI discussion papers 1499, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Joshi, P.K., 2015. "Has Indian Agriculture Become Crowded and Risky? Status, Implications and the Way Forward," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 70(1).
    7. Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Koru, Bethlehem & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2015. "Productivity and efficiency of smallholder teff farmers in Ethiopia:," ESSP working papers 79, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    8. Sourisseau, Jean-Michel & Bonnal, Philippe & Marzin, Jacques & Losch, Bruno & Bosc, Pierre-Marie, 2015. "Znaczenie Rolnictwa Rodzinnego W Procesach Rozwoju. Wnioski I Rekomendacje," Village and Agriculture (Wieś i Rolnictwo), Polish Academy of Sciences (IRWiR PAN), Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development, vol. 1(166.1).
    9. Naudé Malan, 2015. "Urban farmers and urban agriculture in Johannesburg: Responding to the food resilience strategy," Agrekon, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 54(2), pages 51-75, June.
    10. Nagaraj, N. & Deb, Uttam & Nageswara Rao, G.D. & Bantilan, Cynthia & Anusha, R., 2016. "Is Smallholder Farming Economically Viable? Evidences from Village Dynamics Studies in Karnataka, Peninsular India," Conference Papers 261298, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics.
    11. repec:eee:deveco:v:137:y:2019:i:c:p:93-109 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:ags:iaae15:211355 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:spr:ssefpa:v:10:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s12571-018-0807-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:spr:ssefpa:v:10:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s12571-017-0757-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:pid:journl:v:55:y:2016:i:4:p:889-903 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. El Harizi, K. & Yan, X., 2017. "IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 13 - Graduation models for rural financial inclusion," IFAD Research Series 280051, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
    17. Luna, Fátima & Wilson, Paul N., 2015. "An Economic Exploration of Smallholder Value Chains: Coffee Transactions in Chiapas, Mexico," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association, vol. 18(3), pages 1-22, September.
    18. Mellor, John W. & Malik, Sohail J., 2017. "The Impact of Growth in Small Commercial Farm Productivity on Rural Poverty Reduction," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 1-10.
    19. Wood, Benjamin D.K. & Dong, Michell, 2015. "Recalling Extra Data: A Replication Study of Finding Missing Markets," 2014: Food, Resources and Conflict, December 7-9, 2014. San Diego, California 206225, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    20. Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Koru, Bethlehem & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2015. "Cereal productivity and its drivers: The case of Ethiopia:," ESSP working papers 75, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    21. Bachewe, Fantu Nisrane & Koru, Bethelihem & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2015. "Smallholder Teff Productivity and Efficiency: Evidence from High-Potential Districts of Ethiopia," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 212257, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    22. Katsushi S. Imai & Md. Faruq Hasan & Eleonora Porreca, 2015. "Do Agricultural Extension Programmes Reduce Poverty and Vulnerability? Farm Size, Agricultural Productivity and Poverty in Uganda," Discussion Paper Series DP2015-06, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    23. Katsushi S. Imai & Bilal Maleb, 2015. "Rural and Urban Poverty Estimates for Developing Countries: Methodologies," Discussion Paper Series DP2015-07, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    24. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:12:p:4770-:d:190471 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Smallholders; Farmers; Subsistence agriculture; Agricultural development; agricultural transformation; Commercial farming; Land; Land use; land access;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fpr:fprepo:26. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.