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Labor-Cost Effects on Relative Prices between Regions of a Monetary Union: Implications for the EMU

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Abstract

Three industrial organization (IO) models suggested by Dornbusch (1987) are here adapted to study the labor-cost effects on relative prices of tradable goods between the regions of a monetary union. The assumption of imperfect and segmented goods and labor markets makes the analysis best suited for a monetary union such as the present European EMU. We find that in this context the type and extent of the effects studied depend on the different degree of competition in the same industry of different countries, the different absolute or relative number of foreign and domestic firms in the market of each country, and the product substitutability. Very simple simulations show the potentiality of IO models in a dynamic framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Arese-Visconti, 2002. "Labor-Cost Effects on Relative Prices between Regions of a Monetary Union: Implications for the EMU," Econometrics Working Papers Archive wp2002_20, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti".
  • Handle: RePEc:fir:econom:wp2002_20
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Giovanni Arese-Visconti, 2002. "Inflation Differentials before and after the EMU," Econometrics Working Papers Archive wp2002_19, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti".
    7. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-652, Special I.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    EMU; inflation differentials; economic integration; smooth transition.;

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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