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Liquidity, Collateral Quality, and Negative Interest Rate

Author

Listed:
  • Jung-Hyun Ahn
  • Vincent Bignon
  • Régis Breton
  • Antoine Martin

Abstract

We analyze how banks manage liquidity between cash and marketable securities and its impact on the refinancing of projects subject to a liquidity shock. Securities can be pledged as collateral to acquire additional cash but are an imperfect hedge because their quality is uncertain. We show that banks may hold too much or too little cash in equilibrium compared to the first-best level, depending on the dispersion of securities value. Furthermore, the equilibrium relationship between the dispersion and banks cash holding is non-monotonous. We use this framework to assess the impact of liquidity regulation and negative interest rate policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Jung-Hyun Ahn & Vincent Bignon & Régis Breton & Antoine Martin, 2016. "Liquidity, Collateral Quality, and Negative Interest Rate," Staff Reports 763, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:763
    Note: Revised September 2023. Previous title: "Interbank Market and Central Bank Policy"
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    4. William Walker Swanson, 1908. "The Crisis of 1860 and the First Issue of Clearing-House Certificates: II," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16, pages 212-212.
    5. Tabakis, Evangelos & Tamura, Kentaro, 2013. "The use of credit claims as collateral for Eurosystem credit operations," Occasional Paper Series 148, European Central Bank.
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    9. Tamura, Kentaro & Tabakis, Evangelos, 2013. "The use of credit claims as collateral for Eurosystem credit operations," Occasional Paper Series 148, European Central Bank.
    10. Franklin Allen & Douglas Gale, 2005. "From Cash-in-the-Market Pricing to Financial Fragility," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 535-546, 04/05.
    11. Patrick Bolton & Tano Santos & Jose A. Scheinkman, 2011. "Outside and Inside Liquidity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(1), pages 259-321.
    12. Gorton, Gary, 1985. "Clearinghouses and the Origin of Central Banking in the United States," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 45(2), pages 277-283, June.
    13. Viral V. Acharya & Denis Gromb & Tanju Yorulmazer, 2012. "Imperfect Competition in the Interbank Market for Liquidity as a Rationale for Central Banking," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 184-217, April.
    14. Birgit Sauerzopf, 2007. "Credit Claims as Eligible Collateral for Eurosystem Credit Operations," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 80-92.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mario Di Filippo & Angelo Ranaldo & Jan Wrampelmeyer, 2022. "Unsecured and Secured Funding," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 54(2-3), pages 651-662, March.
    2. repec:prs:ecsecs:estat_0336-1454_2017_num_494_1_10784 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. J. Barthélemy & V. Bignon & B. Nguyen, 2017. "Illiquid Collateral and Bank Lending during the European Sovereign Debt Crisis," Working papers 631, Banque de France.
    4. Raffaele Lenzi & Stefano Nobili & Filippo Perazzoli & Rosario Romeo, 2023. "Banks’ liquidity transformation rate: determinants and impact on lending," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 32, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    money markets; liquidity regulations; negative interest rates; cash; hoarding; cash-in-the-market pricing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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