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Government budgetary policies, economic growth, and currency substitution in a small open economy

  • Jill A. Holman
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    This paper compares the macroeconomic consequences of alternative government budgetary policies in a small open economy where agents transact in both domestic and foreign currencies. An endogenous growth model is used to rank the effects of income-tax-financed and inflation-tax-financed government expenditures on the economy’s growth and inflation rates. Currency substitution provides an avenue for inflation-tax evasion and affects the rankings of the two modes of government finance. The analysis reveals that an increase in the size of government reduces the growth rate of the economy regardless of the government’s budgetary policy. Inflation taxes hinder growth more than income taxes. Income-tax financing is also the preferred policy in terms of its effect on the economy’s inflation rate. Under the growth-maximizing tax mix, the government relies on both forms of finance but receives most of its revenue from income taxes.

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    File URL: http://www.kansascityfed.org/Publicat/Reswkpap/PDF/rwp00-08.pdf
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    Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City in its series Research Working Paper with number RWP 00-08.

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    Date of creation: 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:fip:fedkrw:rwp00-08
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    1. Marco Espinosa & Chong K. Yip, 1998. "Fiscal and Monetary Policy Interactions in an Endogenous Growth Model with Financial Intermediaries," Departmental Working Papers _094, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics.
    2. Alberto Giovannini & Bart Turtelboom, 1992. "Currency Substitution," NBER Working Papers 4232, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Barro, R.J., 1988. "Government Spending In A Simple Model Of Endogenous Growth," RCER Working Papers 130, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    4. Sergio T. Rebelo, 1990. "Long Run Policy Analysis and Long Run Growth," NBER Working Papers 3325, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. King, R.G. & Rebelo, S., 1988. "Public Policy And Economic Growth: Developing Neoclassical Implications," RCER Working Papers 225, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    6. Palivos, Theodore & Yip, Chong K, 1995. "Government Expenditure Financing in an Endogenous Growth Model: A Comparison," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(4), pages 1159-78, November.
    7. Turnovsky, Stephen J., 1999. "On the role of government in a stochastically growing open economy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(5-6), pages 873-908, April.
    8. Michael Dotsey & Pierre-Daniel Sarte, 1997. "Inflation uncertainty and growth in a simple monetary model," Working Paper 97-05, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
    9. John H. Boyd & Ross E. Levine & Bruce D. Smith, 1996. "Inflation and financial market performance," Working Paper 9617, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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    11. Fisher, Eric O'N., 1999. "On exchange rates and economic growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(5-6), pages 851-872, April.
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    13. Edwards, Sebastian & Tabellini, Guido, 1991. "Explaining fiscal policies and inflation in developing countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(1, Supple), pages S16-S48, March.
    14. Osang, Thomas & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2000. "Differential tariffs, growth, and welfare in a small open economy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 315-342, August.
    15. Fischer, Stanley, 1982. "Seigniorage and the Case for a National Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(2), pages 295-313, April.
    16. Turnovsky, Stephen J, 1997. "Equilibrium Growth in a Small Economy Facing an Imperfect World Capital Market," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(1), pages 1-22, February.
    17. Jones, Larry E. & Manuelli, Rodolfo E., 1995. "Growth and the effects of inflation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 19(8), pages 1405-1428, November.
    18. van der Ploeg, Frederick & Alogoskoufis, George S, 1994. "Money and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 26(4), pages 771-91, November.
    19. V.V. Chari & Larry E. Jones & Rodolfo E. Manuelli, 1995. "The growth effects of monetary policy," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Fall, pages 18-32.
    20. Kim, Se-Jik, 1998. "Growth effect of taxes in an endogenous growth model: to what extent do taxes affect economic growth?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 125-158, September.
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