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Rural Population Change in Developing Countries:Lessons for Policymaking

Author

Listed:
  • Gustavo Anríquez

    (Agricultural and Development Economics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization)

  • Libor Stloukal

    (Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division Food and Agriculture Organization Rome, Italy)

Abstract

Rural agriculture uses more than one-third of the earth’s land and employs more than 40% of the population, a figure that approaches 75% in developing countries. As a result, rural demographic change is of vital importance. This paper monitors four driving factors in rural demographic change including the ratio of youth to the aged, the ratio of males to female, fertility levels and migration. Alongside conclusive findings, the authors bring to light the relevance of AIDS-related deaths, urbanisation, and city planning in demographic research.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Anríquez & Libor Stloukal, 2008. "Rural Population Change in Developing Countries:Lessons for Policymaking," Working Papers 08-09, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
  • Handle: RePEc:fao:wpaper:0809
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Valdes, Alberto & Lopez, Ramon E., 1999. "Fighting Rural Poverty In Latin America: New Evidence And Policy," 1999 Annual meeting, August 8-11, Nashville, TN 21581, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Günther Fink & Jocelyn Finlay, 2007. "Realizing the Demographic Dividend: Is Africa any different?," PGDA Working Papers 2307, Program on the Global Demography of Aging.
    3. Chackiel, Juan & Schkolnik, Susana, 2004. "Los sectores rezagados en la transición de la fecundidad en América Latina," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rural population; rural development; urbanisation; Asia; Africa; feminisation; dependency.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture

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