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Economics with a Phylogenetic Signature

  • Kurt Dopfer
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    Ever since Darwin biologists have emphasised the commonalities between non-human and human species, while anthropologists have stressed the big difference between them. This paper not only endorses commonalities between species but takes them as a means to give extant phylogenetic differences a clear profile. It introduces the notion of universal culture, applicable to all phylogenies of culture-making species. Culture is defined as a system of socially generated and transmitted rules that allow their carrier cultural operations, economic operations taking centre stage in the study. Based on explorative induction – employing macaques washing sweet potatoes and 60,000-year-old ornamented ostrich eggs as exemplars – commonalities and differences between the cultures of non-human and human primates are highlighted. The hypothesis is advanced that non-human primates are capable of endosomatic culture, meaning that the origination of their culture is conditional upon a sensory nexus between the rule maker and the external referent; for instance, a tool rule is originated by inferring a tool function from the shape of a pre-existing stone. In contrast, humans can evolve exosomatic culture, as they possess the unique ability of imagination, which enables them to originate rules independent of any sensory nexus. Genetically equipped with the ability to use abstract language, humans can transmit rules both horizontally and vertically, not just as object-dependent templates but also as symbols. The possession of shared imagination is seen as representing the major proximate cause of the evolution of human culture, facilitating its distinctive economic operations.

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    File URL: ftp://137.248.191.199/RePEc/esi/discussionpapers/2013-06.pdf
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    Paper provided by Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography in its series Papers on Economics and Evolution with number 2013-06.

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    Length: 38 pages
    Date of creation: 18 Dec 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:esi:evopap:2013-06
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    1. Sylvie Geisendorf, 2009. "The economic concept of evolution: self-organization or Universal Darwinism?," Journal of Economic Methodology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 377-391.
    2. Kurt Dopfer, 2004. "The economic agent as rule maker and rule user: Homo Sapiens Oeconomicus," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 177-195, 06.
    3. Stoelhorst, J.W. & Richerson, Peter J., 2013. "A naturalistic theory of economic organization," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 90(S), pages S45-S56.
    4. Christian Cordes, 2006. "Darwinism in economics: from analogy to continuity," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 16(5), pages 529-541, December.
    5. Ulrich Witt & Georg Schwesinger, 2012. "Phylogenetic Footprints in Organizational Behavior," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2012-17, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    6. Bleda, Mercedes & del Río, Pablo, 2013. "The market failure and the systemic failure rationales in technological innovation systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 1039-1052.
    7. Ostrom, Elinor & Basurto, Xavier, 2011. "Crafting analytical tools to study institutional change," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(03), pages 317-343, September.
    8. Caroline Gerschlager, 2012. "Agents of change," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 22(3), pages 413-441, July.
    9. McCloskey, Donald N, 1983. "The Rhetoric of Economics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 21(2), pages 481-517, June.
    10. Safarzyńska, Karolina & Frenken, Koen & van den Bergh, Jeroen C.J.M., 2012. "Evolutionary theorizing and modeling of sustainability transitions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 1011-1024.
    11. Arthur J. Robson, 2002. "Evolution and Human Nature," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(2), pages 89-106, Spring.
    12. Thomas Grebel, 2012. "Network evolution in basic science," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 22(3), pages 443-457, July.
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