Review of trade agreements and issues
Beneath multilateral Agreements like the WTO agreement the EU evolved different Trade Agreements to induce European integration, perpetuate economic relations with former colonies and to improve relations with developing, emerging and transitional countries by granting trade preferences. Common features of the EU preferential agreements are as follows: • covering general trade, • allowing a phasing-in period with a fast implementation in non-agricultural sectors except for textiles, • granting preferences for sensitive products of agri-food sectors (e.g. sugar, beef, bananas, dairy products) in terms of tariff rate quotas (limited imports by reduced MFN rates), • implementation of special safeguards because CAP is regarded as ultimate objective and addressing more qualitative aspects like common standards, SPS, property rights, institutional settings as well as investment environment.
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- Fernandez, Raquel & Portes, Jonathan, 1998. "Returns to Regionalism: An Analysis of Nontraditional Gains from Regional Trade Agreements," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 12(2), pages 197-220, May.
- Arvind Panagariya, 1996. "The Free Trade Area of the Americas: Good for Latin America?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(5), pages 485-515, 09.
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