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Downside Risk and Asset Pricing

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  • Post, G.T.
  • van Vliet, P.

Abstract

We analyze if the value-weighted stock market portfolio is second-order stochastic dominance (SSD) efficient relative to benchmark portfolios formed on size, value, and momentum. In the process, we also develop several methodological improvements to the existing tests for SSD efficiency. Interestingly, the market portfolio is SSD efficient relative to all benchmark sets. By contrast, the market portfolio is inefficient if we replace the SSD criterion with the traditional mean-variance criterion. Combined these results suggests that the mean-variance inefficiency of the market portfolio is caused by the omission of return moments other than variance. Especially downside risk seems to be important for rationalizing asset pricing puzzles in the 1970s and the early 1980s.

Suggested Citation

  • Post, G.T. & van Vliet, P., 2004. "Downside Risk and Asset Pricing," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2004-018-F&A, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
  • Handle: RePEc:ems:eureri:1424
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    SSD; asset pricing; downside risk; lower partial moments; stock market efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics

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