Technological Differences and the Impact of Trade on Wages
We introduce technological differences in a Heckscher-Ohlin model and study how the technology and endowment differences interact to determine the effects of trade on factor prices. When the endowment effect is dominant in determining the autarky relative factor prices, the relative factor prices of trading countries adjust in converging directions with trade if and only if the capital-rich country has a comparative advantage in the capital-intensive sector. Adjustments in converging directions could be excessive. Relative factor prices tend to converge if the technological comparative advantage is small for given relative endowments or if the relative endowment difference is large for a given technological comparative advantage.
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- Davis, Donald R., 1995. "Intra-industry trade: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Ricardo approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 201-226, November.
- Stewart, Douglas B, 1976. "Can Trade Widen the Difference between Factor Rewards? Another Look at the More-Goods-Than-Factors Case," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(4), pages 671-674, September.
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- Steven J. Davis, 1992.
"Cross-Country Patterns of Change in Relative Wages,"
NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1992, Volume 7, pages 239-300
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Steven J. Davis, 1992. "Cross-Country Patterns of Change in Relative Wages," NBER Working Papers 4085, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Dornbusch, Rudiger & Fischer, Stanley & Samuelson, Paul A, 1977. "Comparative Advantage, Trade, and Payments in a Ricardian Model with a Continuum of Goods," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(5), pages 823-839, December.
- R. Dornbusch & S. Fischer & P. A. Samuelson, 1976. "Comparative Advantage, Trade and Payments in a Ricardian Model With a Continuum of Goods," Working papers 178, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Richard B. Freeman, 1995. "Are Your Wages Set in Beijing?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 15-32, Summer.
- Ronald W. Jones, 1997. "Trade, Technology and Income Distribution," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 32(2), pages 129-140, July.
- Xu, Yingfeng, 1993. "A General Model of Comparative Advantage with Two Factors and a Continuum of Goods," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 34(2), pages 365-380, May.
- Gary Burtless, 1995. "International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 800-816, June. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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