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Efficient Fully Distribution-Free Center-Outward Rank Tests for Multiple-Output Regression and MANOVA

Author

Listed:
  • Marc Hallin
  • Daniel Hlubinka
  • Sarka Hudecova

Abstract

Extending rank-based inference to a multivariate setting such as multiple-output regression or MANOVA with unspecified d-dimensional error density has remained an open problem for more than half a century. None of the many solutions proposed so far is enjoying the combination of distribution-freeness and efficiency that makes rank-based inference a successful tool in the univariate setting. A concept of center- outward multivariate ranks and signs based on measure transportation ideas has been introduced recently. Center-outward ranks and signs are not only distribution-free but achieve in dimension d > 1 the (essential) maximal ancillarity property of traditional univariate ranks. In the present case, we show that fully distribution-free testing procedures based on center-outward ranks can achieve parametric efficiency. We establish the Hajek representation and asymptotic normality results required in the construction of such tests in multiple-output regression and MANOVA models. Simulations and an empirical study demonstrate the excellent performance of the proposed procedures.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Hallin & Daniel Hlubinka & Sarka Hudecova, 2021. "Efficient Fully Distribution-Free Center-Outward Rank Tests for Multiple-Output Regression and MANOVA," Working Papers ECARES 2021-13, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2013/327641
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Victor Chernozhukov & Alfred Galichon & Marc Hallin & Marc Henry, 2014. "Monge-Kantorovich Depth, Quantiles, Ranks, and Signs," Papers 1412.8434, arXiv.org, revised Sep 2015.
    2. Victor Chernozhukov & Alfred Galichon & Marc Hallin & Marc Henry, 2014. "Monge-Kantorovich Depth, Quantiles, Ranks, and Signs," Papers 1412.8434, arXiv.org, revised Sep 2015.
    3. de Valk, Cees Fouad & Segers, Johan, 2018. "Stability and tail limits of transport-based quantile contours," LIDAM Discussion Papers ISBA 2018031, Université catholique de Louvain, Institute of Statistics, Biostatistics and Actuarial Sciences (ISBA).
    4. del Barrio, Eustasio & González-Sanz, Alberto & Hallin, Marc, 2020. "A note on the regularity of optimal-transport-based center-outward distribution and quantile functions," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 180(C).
    5. Beirlant, J. & Buitendag, S. & del Barrio, E. & Hallin, M. & Kamper, F., 2020. "Center-outward quantiles and the measurement of multivariate risk," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 79-100.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Distribution-free tests; Multivariate ranks; Multivariate signs; Hjajek representation.;
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