IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/eca/wpaper/2013-267226.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

How “smart” are Latin American cities?

Author

Listed:
  • Morgane De Halleux
  • Antonio Estache

Abstract

This paper argues for the use of composite indicators to assess the “smartness” of the management of cities and illustrates it in a comparison of 6 large Latin American cities. The analysis is based on 6 dimensions commonly used to define city smartness in the recent academic literature in terms of technology, physical and human capital as well as policy. It quantifies each of these dimensions with relatively easily available public data to ensure the transparency of the evaluation and of its updating. The quantification required a normalization of the data and the computation of weighting factors for each indicator to delete redundant information since various dimensions used to characterize smartness in the literature are correlated. The results allow an evaluation of individual areas in which each city can improve as compared to best practice. The synthesis of these multiple dimensions into a composite single score index is then used to rank the cities on their overall performance as well. All performances are benchmarked against Amsterdam’s performance, considered to be best practice in many dimensions. The Latin American cities covered by the sample, including Santiago, the best regional performer, are found to significantly lag best practice, although on some dimensions, some of the cities do better than the benchmark.

Suggested Citation

  • Morgane De Halleux & Antonio Estache, 2018. "How “smart” are Latin American cities?," Working Papers ECARES 2018-05, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2013/267226
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/267226/3/2018-05-DE_HALLEUX_ESTACHE-how.pdf
    File Function: Œuvre complète ou partie de l'œuvre
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Estache, Antonio & Garsous, Grégoire & Seroa da Motta, Ronaldo, 2016. "Shared Mandates, Moral Hazard, and Political (Mis)alignment in a Decentralized Economy," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 98-110.
    2. Giuseppe Nicoletti & Stefano Scarpetta & Olivier Boylaud, 2000. "Summary Indicators of Product Market Regulation with an Extension to Employment Protection Legislation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 226, OECD Publishing.
    3. Robert G. Hollands, 2008. "Will the real smart city please stand up?," City, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 303-320, December.
    4. Edward L. Glaeser & Wentao Xiong, 2017. "Urban Productivity in the Developing World," NBER Working Papers 23279, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Edward L. Glaeser & Wentao Xiong, 2017. "Urban productivity in the developing world," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(3), pages 373-404.
    6. Amel Attour & Alain Rallet, 2014. "Le rôle des territoires dans le développement des systèmes trans-sectoriels d'innovation locaux : le cas des smart cities," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 253-279.
    7. Renata Paola Dameri, 2017. "Smart City Implementation," Progress in IS, Springer, number 978-3-319-45766-6, September.
    8. Amy Glasmeier & Susan Christopherson, 2015. "Thinking about smart cities," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 8(1), pages 3-12.
    9. Amel Attour & Alain Rallet, 2014. "Le rôle des territoires dans le développement des systèmes trans-sectoriels d'innovation locaux : le cas des smart cities," Post-Print halshs-01062020, HAL.
    10. Stephen Graham, 2002. "Bridging Urban Digital Divides? Urban Polarisation and Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs)," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 39(1), pages 33-56, January.
    11. Lazaroiu, George Cristian & Roscia, Mariacristina, 2012. "Definition methodology for the smart cities model," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 326-332.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Johannes Stübinger & Lucas Schneider, 2020. "Understanding Smart City—A Data-Driven Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(20), pages 1-23, October.
    2. Alexander Prado Lara & Eduardo Moreira Da Costa & Thiago Zilinscki Furlani & Tan Yigitcanla, 2016. "Smartness that matters: towards a comprehensive and human-centred characterisation of smart cities," Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(2), pages 1-13, June.
    3. Renata Biadacz & Marek Biadacz, 2021. "Implementation of “Smart” Solutions and An Attempt to Measure Them: A Case Study of Czestochowa, Poland," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(18), pages 1-27, September.
    4. Kummitha, Rama Krishna Reddy, 2018. "Entrepreneurial urbanism and technological panacea: Why Smart City planning needs to go beyond corporate visioning?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 330-339.
    5. Justyna Żywiołek & Francesco Schiavone, 2021. "Perception of the Quality of Smart City Solutions as a Sense of Residents’ Safety," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(17), pages 1-16, September.
    6. Leroux, Erick & Pupion, Pierre-Charles, 2022. "Smart territories and IoT adoption by local authorities: A question of trust, efficiency, and relationship with the citizen-user-taxpayer," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 174(C).
    7. Mora, Luca & Deakin, Mark & Reid, Alasdair, 2019. "Combining co-citation clustering and text-based analysis to reveal the main development paths of smart cities," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 56-69.
    8. Constance Carr & Markus Hesse, 2020. "When Alphabet Inc. Plans Toronto’s Waterfront: New Post-Political Modes of Urban Governance," Urban Planning, Cogitatio Press, vol. 5(1), pages 69-83.
    9. Duranton, Gilles & Venables, Anthony J, 2018. "Place-Based Policies for Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 12889, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Muhammad Naveed Iftikhar & Maha Ahmad & David B. Audretsch, 0. "The knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship: the developing country context," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-20.
    11. Kummitha, Rama Krishna Reddy & Crutzen, Nathalie, 2019. "Smart cities and the citizen-driven internet of things: A qualitative inquiry into an emerging smart city," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 140(C), pages 44-53.
    12. Sabina Baraniewicz-Kotasińska, 2022. "The Scandinavian Third Way as a Proposal for Sustainable Smart City Development—A Case Study of Aarhus City," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(6), pages 1-24, March.
    13. Rohit Sharma, 2018. "Financing Indian Urban Rail through Land Development: Case Studies and Implications for the Accelerated Reduction in Oil Associated with 1.5 °C," Urban Planning, Cogitatio Press, vol. 3(2), pages 21-34.
    14. Lill Sarv & Ralf-Martin Soe, 2021. "Transition towards Smart City: The Case of Tallinn," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(8), pages 1-18, April.
    15. Magdalena Grebosz-Krawczyk, 2021. "Place branding (r)evolution: the management of the smart city’s brand," Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 17(1), pages 93-104, March.
    16. Nielsen, Brita Fladvad & Baer, Daniela & Lindkvist, Carmel, 2019. "Identifying and supporting exploratory and exploitative models of innovation in municipal urban planning; key challenges from seven Norwegian energy ambitious neighborhood pilots," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 142-153.
    17. Margarida Rodrigues & Mário Franco, 2018. "Measuring the Performance in Creative Cities: Proposal of a Multidimensional Model," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(11), pages 1-21, November.
    18. Witold Chmielarz & Marek Zborowski & Alicja Fandrejewska & Mesut Atasever, 2021. "The Contribution of Socio-Cultural Aspects of Smartphone Applications to Smart City Creation. Poland–Turkey Comparison," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(10), pages 1-23, May.
    19. Małgorzata Baran & Monika Kłos & Monika Chodorek & Karolina Marchlewska-Patyk, 2022. "The Resilient Smart City Model–Proposal for Polish Cities," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(5), pages 1-23, March.
    20. Walravens, Nils, 2015. "Qualitative indicators for smart city business models: The case of mobile services and applications," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 218-240.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    économie urbaine; économie du développement;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2013/267226. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/arulbbe.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Benoit Pauwels (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/arulbbe.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.