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On the Benefits of Dollarization when Stabilization Policy Is Not Credible and Financial Markets are Imperfect

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  • Mendoza, Enrique G.

Abstract

This paper argues that dollarization can be beneficial for countries where credit-market frictions and non-credible stabilization policies are large distortions on economic activity and welfare. A dynamic general-equilibrium model with these features is proposed for the case of a small open economy with a non-credible managed exchange-rate regime and a liquidity requirement that acts as an endogenous borrowing constraint. Assessing the experience of Mexico in the light of the quantitative predictions of this model suggests that, unless mechanisms to secure potential benefits of discretionary monetary policy can be implemented, dollarization is worth pursuing. The mean welfare gain of neutralizing both credibility distortions and credit frictions exceeds 9 percent in terms of the trend level of consumption per capita.

Suggested Citation

  • Mendoza, Enrique G., 2000. "On the Benefits of Dollarization when Stabilization Policy Is Not Credible and Financial Markets are Imperfect," Working Papers 00-01, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:duk:dukeec:00-01
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Aloisio Araujo & Marcia Leon, 2002. "Speculative Attacks on Debts, Dollarization and Optimum Currency Areas," Working Papers Series 40, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    2. Patrick Artus, 2003. "Local Currency or Foreign Currency Debt?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 54(5), pages 1013-1031.
    3. Narkevich, Siarhei & Trunin, Pavel, 2013. "Prospects for the Russian Ruble as a Regional Reserve Currency," Published Papers dok2, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    4. Ahmet Faruk Aysan, 2006. "Distributional Effects of Boom-Bust Cycles in Developing Countries with FinancialFrictions," Working Papers 2006/10, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
    5. Guillermo Calvo & Michael Kumhof & Oya Celasun, 2002. "Nominal Exchange Rate Anchoring Under Inflation Inertia," IMF Working Papers 02/30, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Sergey Narkevich & Pavel Trunin, 2012. "Reserve Currencies: Factors of Evolution and their Role in the World Economy," Research Paper Series, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 162P.
    7. Paasche, Bernhard, 2001. "Credit constraints and international financial crises," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 623-650, December.
    8. Enrique G. Mendoza, 2000. "On the Instability of Variance Decompositions of the Real Exchange Rate across Exchange-Rate-Regimes: Evidence from Mexico and the United States," NBER Working Papers 7768, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Ahmet Faruk Aysan, 2006. "The Role of Distribution of the Income Shares of Individuals in Tradables and Nontradables on Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Delay of Stabilizations," Working Papers 2006/11, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
    10. Alexander, Volbert & von Furstenberg, George M., 2000. "Monetary unions--a superior alternative to full dollarization in the long run," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 205-225, December.
    11. Carlos Gustavo Machicado, 2006. "Welfare Gains from Optimal Policy in a Partially Dollarized Economy," Development Research Working Paper Series 10/2006, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
    12. Cruz-Rodríguez, Alexis, 2005. "¿Es la dolarización oficial una opción real para las economías emergentes?
      [Is Official Dollarization a real option for emerging countries?]
      ," MPRA Paper 54353, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Roger Craine, 2001. "Dollarization: An Irreversible Decision," International Finance 0103003, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Pavel Trunin & Sergey Narkevich, 2013. "Prospects for the Russian Ruble to Become Regional Reserve Currency," Working Papers 118, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, revised 2015.
    15. Artus P., 2001. "What Exchange - Rate System For Emerging Countries?," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1-2), pages 27-60, January -.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems

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