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Historical Origins of Brazilian Relative Backwardness

Author

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  • Alexandre Rands Barros

    () (Datametrica Consultoria, Pesquisa e Telemarketing)

Abstract

Esse artigo utiliza dados recentes para identificar o período em que o Brasil teve maior perda de PIB per capita relativo em relação a um conjunto de países utilizados como parâmetro de comparação, entre eles Canadá, EUA, Nova Zelândia e Austrália. Além disso, utilizaram-se dados sobre imigração no Brasil nos EUA para identificar o papel da importação de capital humano na geração das disparidades entre Brasil e EUA no século XIX. As conclusões mostram que essa foi responsável por 50% a 88% desse crescimento das desigualdades entre 1820 e 1900. Apesar de constituir uma evidência forte do papel do capital humano, o método utilizado não elimina o papel potencial das instituições na atração dessa mão obra mais qualificada para os EUA.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandre Rands Barros, 2010. "Historical Origins of Brazilian Relative Backwardness," Working Papers 64, Datamétrica Consultoria Econômica, revised 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:dtm:wpaper:64
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    File URL: ftp://repec.datametrica.com.br/RePEc/dtm/wpaper/Historicaloriginsofrelativebackwardness64.pdf
    File Function: Revised version, 2012.
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Louis Putterman & David N. Weil, 2010. "Post-1500 Population Flows and The Long-Run Determinants of Economic Growth and Inequality," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 125(4), pages 1627-1682.
    2. Ran Abramitzky & Leah Platt Boustan & Katherine Eriksson, 2012. "Europe's Tired, Poor, Huddled Masses: Self-Selection and Economic Outcomes in the Age of Mass Migration," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(5), pages 1832-1856, August.
    3. Enrico Spolaore & Romain Wacziarg, 2013. "How Deep Are the Roots of Economic Development?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 51(2), pages 325-369, June.
    4. William Easterly & Ross Levine, 2016. "The European origins of economic development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 225-257, September.
    5. Barry Chiswick & Timothy J. Hatton, 2003. "International Migration and the Integration of Labor Markets," NBER Chapters,in: Globalization in Historical Perspective, pages 65-120 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Kevin H. O'Rourke, 2003. "The Era of Free Migration: Lessons for Today," Trinity Economics Papers 200315, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brazilian backwardness; Brazilian growth; immigration; comparative development.;

    JEL classification:

    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N11 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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