IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/drm/wpaper/2014-48.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

La croissance des PME est-elle favorisée par les Business Angels ? Une analyse à partir du cas français en 2008 et 2009

Author

Listed:
  • Nadine Levratto
  • Luc Tessier

Abstract

Les recherches sur la contribution des Business Angels (BA) à la croissance de l’économie sont encore récentes et relativement peu diffusées, en France notamment. Afin de comparer la dynamique d’entreprises adossées à des BA à des entreprises qui ne le sont pas, nous proposons une méthode d’analyse empirique consistant à estimer des modèles multivariés permettant de rendre compte de l’influence de l’intervention des BA sur différents indicateurs de structure de l’entreprise. Notre analyse repose sur une base de données unique composée de 300 sociétés françaises financées par des investisseurs providentiels. Les résultats obtenus permettent de rendre compte de l’influence de l’intervention d’un BA sur les trajectoires des entreprises. Celle-ci exerce un effet contrasté sur la croissance de l’effectif et un effet quasi nul sur le chiffre d’affaires mais favorise visiblement la réalisation d’investissements productifs. Ces résultats sont robustes dans la mesure où ils ne dépendent pas de l’échantillon contrefactuel retenu. Ils demeurent également valides sous différentes spécifications des modèles obtenues grâce à l’introduction de diverses variables expliquées.

Suggested Citation

  • Nadine Levratto & Luc Tessier, 2014. "La croissance des PME est-elle favorisée par les Business Angels ? Une analyse à partir du cas français en 2008 et 2009," EconomiX Working Papers 2014-48, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
  • Handle: RePEc:drm:wpaper:2014-48
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://economix.fr/pdf/dt/2014/WP_EcoX_2014-48.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Black, Bernard S. & Gilson, Ronald J., 1998. "Venture capital and the structure of capital markets: banks versus stock markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 243-277, March.
    2. Robert Wiltbank, 2005. "Investment practices and outcomesof informal venture investors," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(4), pages 343-357, August.
    3. Christophe Bonnet & Peter Wirtz & Christophe Haon, 2013. "Liftoff: when strong growth is predicted by angels and fuelled by professional venture funds," Revue de l'Entrepreneuriat, De Boeck Université, vol. 12(4), pages 59-78.
    4. Valérie Revest & Alessandro Sapio, 2012. "Financing technology-based small firms in Europe: what do we know?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 179-205, July.
    5. Diamanto Politis & Hans Landström, 2002. "Informal investors as entrepreneurs--the development of an entrepreneurial career," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 78-101, April.
    6. Leland, Hayne E & Pyle, David H, 1977. "Informational Asymmetries, Financial Structure, and Financial Intermediation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(2), pages 371-387, May.
    7. Gilles Certhoux & Emmanuel Zenou, 2006. "Gouvernance et dynamique de l'actionnariat en situation entrepreneuriale : le cas des Business Angels," Revue de l'Entrepreneuriat, De Boeck Université, vol. 5(1), pages 13-29.
    8. Frédéric Cherbonnier & Maud Aubier, 2007. "L'accès des entreprises au crédit bancaire," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 177(1), pages 121-128.
    9. D. De Clercq & D. P. Dimov, 2004. "Explaining venture capital firms’ syndication behavior: A longitudinal study," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 04/279, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    10. Thorsten Beck & Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Vojislav Maksimovic, 2005. "Financial and Legal Constraints to Growth: Does Firm Size Matter?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(1), pages 137-177, February.
    11. Richard T. Harrison & Colin M. Mason, 2000. "Venture capital market complementarities: The links between business angels and venture capital funds in the United Kingdom," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(3), pages 223-242, July.
    12. Mondher Cherif, 1999. "Asymétrie d’information et financement des PME innovantes par le capital-risque," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 54(4), pages 163-178.
    13. Hellmann, Thomas & Puri, Manju, 2000. "The Interaction between Product Market and Financing Strategy: The Role of Venture Capital," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 13(4), pages 959-984.
    14. Muriel Dal-Pont Legrand & Sophie Pommet, 2010. "Syndication et financement de l'innovation : motif de partage du risque versus expertise," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 120(4), pages 643-668.
    15. Dirk De Clercq & Dimo Dimov, 2004. "Explaining venture capital firms' syndication behaviour: A longitudinal study," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(4), pages 243-256, October.
    16. Wiltbank, Robert & Read, Stuart & Dew, Nicholas & Sarasvathy, Saras D., 2009. "Prediction and control under uncertainty: Outcomes in angel investing," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 116-133, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business Angels; croissance des PME; financement; France.;

    JEL classification:

    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:drm:wpaper:2014-48. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Valerie Mignon). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/modemfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.