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Gender Identity and Womens' Supply of Labor and Non-Market Work: Panel Data Evidence for Germany

Author

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  • Anna Wieber
  • Elke Holst

Abstract

This paper aims to verify results of the innovative study on gender identity for the USA by Bertrand et al. (2015) for Germany. They found that women who would earn more than their husbands distort their labor market outcome in order not to violate traditional gender identity norms. Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) we also find that the distribution of the share of income earned by the wife exhibits a sharp drop to the right of the half, where the wife’s income exceeds the husband’s income. The results of the fixed effects regression confirm that gender identity has an impact on the labor supply of full time working women, but only in Western Germany. We also show that gender identity affects the supply of housework but in contrast to the US where women increase their contribution to non-market work when they actually have a higher income than their husbands, we find for Germany that women only barely reduce their weekly hours of non-market work once their income exceeds that of their husbands.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Wieber & Elke Holst, 2015. "Gender Identity and Womens' Supply of Labor and Non-Market Work: Panel Data Evidence for Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1517, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1517
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marianne Bertrand & Emir Kamenica & Jessica Pan, 2015. "Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 130(2), pages 571-614.
    2. Akerlof George A & Kranton Rachel, 2010. "Identity Economics," The Economists' Voice, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-3, June.
    3. Elke Holst & Anna Wieber, 2014. "Eastern Germany Ahead in Employment of Women," DIW Economic Bulletin, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 4(11), pages 33-41.
    4. Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007. "The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) – Scope, Evolution and Enhancements," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 127(1), pages 139-169.
    5. McCrary, Justin, 2008. "Manipulation of the running variable in the regression discontinuity design: A density test," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(2), pages 698-714, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hederos Eriksson, Karin & Stenberg, Anders, 2015. "Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households: Evidence from Sweden," IZA Discussion Papers 9533, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. repec:eee:chieco:v:47:y:2018:i:c:p:116-141 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender roles; gender gap; female labor supply; non-market work; SOEP;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure

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