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Alcohol and mortality in Ukraine

Author

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  • Nataliia Levchuk

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

Abstract

Ukraine has experienced a long-term decline in life expectancy since the late 1960s. While spectacular improvement in longevity has been observed in Western countries, the trend in Ukraine has been accompanied by increasing or stagnating mortality. Although many studies indicate that alcohol is one of the leading contributors to low life expectancy in Eastern Europe, little is known about its impact on premature mortality in Ukraine. The aim of this study is to estimate alcohol-attributable deaths at working ages (20-64) in Ukraine. We investigate the contribution of alcohol to adult mortality between 1980 and 2007 using a new method for estimating alcohol-attributable fractions by causes of death. We also assess the public health burden of alcohol in terms of length of life losses. We find that in 2007 alcohol-related deaths constituted 40% and 22% of all deaths among adult men and women, respectively. The results also indicate that alcohol-related deaths at working ages account for approximately one-third of the male and one-fifth of the female life expectancy difference between Ukraine and western countries. Alcohol is an important public health threat in Ukraine and should be addressed by relevant measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Nataliia Levchuk, 2009. "Alcohol and mortality in Ukraine," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2009-017, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2009-017
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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2009-017.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. FFF1France NNN1Meslé, 2004. "Mortality in Central and Eastern Europe," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 2(3), pages 45-70, April.
    2. Field, Mark G., 1995. "The health crisis in the former Soviet Union: A report from the 'post-war' zone," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 41(11), pages 1469-1478, December.
    3. FFF1Jacques NNN1Vallin & FFF2France NNN2Meslé, 2004. "Convergences and divergences in mortality," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 2(2), pages 11-44, April.
    4. FFF1Ellen NNN1Nolte & FFF2Martin NNN2McKee & FFF2Rembrandt D. NNN2Scholz, 2004. "Progress in health care, progress in health?," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 2(6), pages 139-162, April.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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