Educational attainment and second births in Romania
This study investigates the effect of educational attainment and educational enrolment on the risks of second birth in Romania, using data from the Generations and Gender Survey of 2005. Looking at the 1950-2005 period, we found a persistently negative effect of education on second birth, i.e., women with a relatively high level of education have lower risks of birth. Being in education significantly reduces the risk of second birth compared to women with no educational qualification. The risk is not lower, however, when we compare women who are still enrolled in education with individuals who have a high level of education. The strong negative effect of age at first birth observed when we do not control for personality weakens once we control for unobserved heterogeneity. We also show the extent to which changes in the socio-political regime, in family policies, and in the educational system affect the impact of education on second births.
References listed on IDEAS
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- Cordula Zabel, 2007. "Do imputed educational histories provide satisfactory results in fertility analysis in the West German context?," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-022, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
- Katja Köppen, 2006. "Second births in western Germany and France," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 14(14), pages 295-330, April.
- Cornelia Mureşan, 2007. "Family dynamics in pre- and post-transition Romania: a life-table description," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-018, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
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