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Openness, Specialization and Growth

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  • Luca De Benedictis

Abstract

This paper explores the link between trade and growth showing how the relationship between openness and per capita income is contingent to the size and the level of export specialization of countries. Measuring openness both in terms of trade volumes and trade policies, and specialization as a index of the position of the distribution of sectoral revealed comparative advantages, the paper - using parametric and semiparametric panel data analysis - offers a precise taxonomy of the effects of openness on growth according to the size and the specialization of countries. The effect of openness on growth is enhanced by the diversification of sectoral exports characterized by comparative advantages, and is reduced by the physical or economic dimension of the country considered. The effect is however nonmonotonic: an increase in openness is relevant for growth at low levels of openness, specialization is effective only at early stages of development, while is differentiation that enhances growth at higher levels of per capita income.

Suggested Citation

  • Luca De Benedictis, 2006. "Openness, Specialization and Growth," DEGIT Conference Papers c011_054, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  • Handle: RePEc:deg:conpap:c011_054
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    File URL: http://degit.sam.sdu.dk/papers/degit_11/C011_054.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Bent E. Sørensen & Oved Yosha, 2003. "Risk Sharing and Industrial Specialization: Regional and International Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 903-918, June.
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    3. Acemoglu, Daron & Zilibotti, Fabrizio, 1997. "Was Prometheus Unbound by Chance? Risk, Diversification, and Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(4), pages 709-751, August.
    4. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1992. "Technological choice, financial markets and economic development," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 763-781, May.
    5. John DiNardo & Justin L. Tobias, 2001. "Nonparametric Density and Regression Estimation," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 11-28, Fall.
    6. Fujita,Masahisa & Thisse,Jacques-François, 2013. "Economics of Agglomeration," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521171960, March.
    7. Durlauf, Steven N & Johnson, Paul A, 1995. "Multiple Regimes and Cross-Country Growth Behaviour," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(4), pages 365-384, Oct.-Dec..
    8. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong-Wha, 1994. "Sources of economic growth," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 1-46, June.
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    10. Miklos Koren & Silvana Tenreyro, 2003. "Diversification and development," Working Papers 03-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Trade; Specialization; Revealed Comparative Advantage; Openness; Semiparametric Panel data; Cross-country regression;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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