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A Multivariate Stochastic Unit Root Model with an Application to Derivative Pricing

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This paper extends recent findings of Lieberman and Phillips (2014) on stochastic unit root (SUR) models to a multivariate case including a comprehensive asymptotic theory for estimation of the model's parameters. The extensions are useful because they lead to a generalization of the Black-Scholes formula for derivative pricing. In place of the standard assumption that the price process follows a geometric Brownian motion, we derive a new form of the Black-Scholes equation that allows for a multivariate time varying coefficient element in the price equation. The corresponding formula for the value of a European-type call option is obtained and shown to extend the existing option price formula in a manner that embodies the effect of a stochastic departure from a unit root. An empirical application reveals that the new model is consistent with excess skewness and kurtosis in the price distribution relative to a lognormal distribution.

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File URL: http://cowles.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/pub/d19/d1964.pdf
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Paper provided by Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University in its series Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers with number 1964.

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Length: 56 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2014
Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1964
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  1. Peter Christoffersen & Kris Jacobs, 2004. "Which GARCH Model for Option Valuation?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(9), pages 1204-1221, September.
  2. Björk, Tomas & Hult, Henrik, 2005. "A Note on Wick Products and the Fractional Black-Scholes Model," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 596, Stockholm School of Economics.
  3. Peter C. B. Phillips & Jun Yu, 2011. "Dating the timeline of financial bubbles during the subprime crisis," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 2(3), pages 455-491, November.
  4. Peter C. B. Phillips, 2015. "Edmond Malinvaud: a tribute to his contributions in econometrics," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 18(2), pages 1-13, 06.
  5. Bakshi, Gurdip & Cao, Charles & Chen, Zhiwu, 1997. " Empirical Performance of Alternative Option Pricing Models," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(5), pages 2003-2049, December.
  6. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Magdalinos, Tassos, 2007. "Limit theory for moderate deviations from a unit root," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 136(1), pages 115-130, January.
  7. Offer Lieberman & Peter C. B. Phillips, 2014. "Norming Rates And Limit Theory For Some Time-Varying Coefficient Autoregressions," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(6), pages 592-623, November.
  8. Phillips, P C B, 1987. "Time Series Regression with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 277-301, March.
  9. Black, Fischer & Scholes, Myron S, 1973. "The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 637-654, May-June.
  10. Itzhak Gilboa & Offer Lieberman & David Schmeidler, 2006. "Empirical Similarity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(3), pages 433-444, August.
  11. Heston, Steven L, 1993. "A Closed-Form Solution for Options with Stochastic Volatility with Applications to Bond and Currency Options," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 6(2), pages 327-343.
  12. Lieberman, Offer, 2010. "Asymptotic Theory For Empirical Similarity Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(04), pages 1032-1059, August.
  13. Offer Lieberman, 2012. "A similarity‐based approach to time‐varying coefficient non‐stationary autoregression," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 484-502, 05.
  14. Eric Renault & Nizar Touzi, 1996. "Option Hedging And Implied Volatilities In A Stochastic Volatility Model," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 279-302.
  15. Phillips, P C B, 1987. "Time Series Regression with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 277-301, March.
  16. Ai[diaeresis]t-Sahalia, Yacine & Kimmel, Robert, 2007. "Maximum likelihood estimation of stochastic volatility models," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 413-452, February.
  17. Hull, John C & White, Alan D, 1987. " The Pricing of Options on Assets with Stochastic Volatilities," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(2), pages 281-300, June.
  18. Tomas Björk & Henrik Hult, 2005. "A note on Wick products and the fractional Black-Scholes model," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 197-209, 04.
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