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Equivalence of the Higher-order Asymptotic Efficiency of k-step and Extremum Statistics

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Abstract

It is well known that a one-step scoring estimator that starts from any N^{1/2}-consistent estimator has the same first-order asymptotic efficiency as the maximum likelihood estimator. This paper extends this result to k-step estimators and test statistics for k >= 1, higher-order asymptotic efficiency, and general extremum estimators and test statistics. The paper shows that a k-step estimator has the same higher-order asymptotic efficiency, to any given order, as the extremum estimator towards which it is stepping, provided (i) k is sufficiently large, (ii) some smoothness and moment conditions hold, and (iii) a condition on the initial estimator holds. For example, for the Newton-Raphson k-step estimator, we obtain asymptotic equivalence to integer order s provided 2^{k} >= s + 1. Thus, for k = 1, 2, and 3, one obtains asymptotic equivalence to first, third, and seventh orders respectively. This means that the maximum differences between the probabilities that the (N^{1/2}-normalized) k-step and extremum estimators lie in any convex set are o(1), o(N^{-3/2}), and o(N^{-3}) respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Donald W.K. Andrews, 2000. "Equivalence of the Higher-order Asymptotic Efficiency of k-step and Extremum Statistics," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1269, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1269
    Note: CFP 1044.
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    1. Pfanzagl, J. & Wefelmeyer, W., 1978. "A third-order optimum property of the maximum likelihood estimator," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 1-29, March.
    2. Rothenberg, Thomas J., 1984. "Approximating the distributions of econometric estimators and test statistics," Handbook of Econometrics,in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 15, pages 881-935 Elsevier.
    3. Robinson, Peter M, 1988. "The Stochastic Difference between Econometric Statistics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(3), pages 531-548, May.
    4. Hall, Peter & Horowitz, Joel L, 1996. "Bootstrap Critical Values for Tests Based on Generalized-Method-of-Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(4), pages 891-916, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hiroyuki Kasahara & Katsumi Shimotsu, 2006. "Nested Pseudo-likelihood Estimation and Bootstrap-based Inference for Structural Discrete Markov Decision Models," Working Papers 1063, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    2. repec:bpj:jecome:v:7:y:2018:i:1:p:38:n:2 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Inoue, Atsushi & Shintani, Mototsugu, 2006. "Bootstrapping GMM estimators for time series," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 133(2), pages 531-555, August.
    4. Stelios Arvanitis & Antonis Demos, "undated". "A Class of Indirect Inference Estimators: Higher Order Asymptotics and Approximate Bias Correction (Revised)," DEOS Working Papers 1411, Athens University of Economics and Business, revised 23 Sep 2014.
    5. Arvanitis Stelios & Demos Antonis, 2018. "On the Validity of Edgeworth Expansions and Moment Approximations for Three Indirect Inference Estimators," Journal of Econometric Methods, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-38, January.
    6. Fan, Yanqin & Gentry, Matthew & Li, Tong, 2011. "A new class of asymptotically efficient estimators for moment condition models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 162(2), pages 268-277, June.
    7. Antonis Demos & Stelios Arvanitis, 2010. "Stochastic Expansions and Moment Approximations for Three Indirect Estimators," DEOS Working Papers 1004, Athens University of Economics and Business.
    8. Yixiao Sun & Peter C.B. Phillips, 2008. "Optimal Bandwidth Choice for Interval Estimation in GMM Regression," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1661, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    9. Wang, Xuexin, 2016. "A New Class of Tests for Overidentifying Restrictions in Moment Condition Models," MPRA Paper 69004, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Rasmus Tangsgaard Varneskov, 2011. "Generalized Flat-Top Realized Kernel Estimation of Ex-Post Variation of Asset Prices Contaminated by Noise," CREATES Research Papers 2011-31, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    11. Antonis Demos & Stelios Arvanitis, 2010. "A New Class of Indirect Estimators and Bias Correction," DEOS Working Papers 1023, Athens University of Economics and Business.
    12. Politis, D N, 2009. "Higher-Order Accurate, Positive Semi-definite Estimation of Large-Sample Covariance and Spectral Density Matrices," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt66w826hz, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    13. Dennis Kristensen & Bernard Salanié, 2010. "Higher Order Improvements for Approximate Estimators," CAM Working Papers 2010-04, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics.
    14. Kasahara, Hiroyuki & Shimotsu, Katsumi, 2008. "Pseudo-likelihood estimation and bootstrap inference for structural discrete Markov decision models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 146(1), pages 92-106, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asymptotics; Edgeworth expansion; extremum estimator; Gauss-Newton; higher-order efficiency; Newton-Raphson.;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General

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