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Competition and horizontal integration in maritime freight transport

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  • ALVAREZ-SANJAIME, Oscar
  • CANTOS-SANCHEZ, Pedro
  • MONER-COLONQUES, Rafael
  • SEMPERE-MONERRIS, José J.

Abstract

This paper develops a theoretical model for freight transport characterized by competition between means of transport (the road and maritime sectors), where modes are perceived as differentiated products. Competitive behavior is assumed in the road freight sector, and there are constant returns to scale. In contrast, the freight maritime sector is characterized by oligopolistic behavior, where shipping lines enjoy economies of scale. The market equilibrium where the shipping lines behave as profit maximizers, provides a first approximation to the determinants of market shares, profits, and user welfare. We then characterize the equilibrium when horizontal integration of shipping lines occurs, with and without further economies of scale. An empirical application to the routes Valencia-Antwerp and Valencia-Genoa uncovers that the joint profit of the merged firms and social welfare always increase. However, user surplus only increases when economies of scale are significantly exploited
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  • ALVAREZ-SANJAIME, Oscar & CANTOS-SANCHEZ, Pedro & MONER-COLONQUES, Rafael & SEMPERE-MONERRIS, José J., 2013. "Competition and horizontal integration in maritime freight transport," LIDAM Reprints CORE 2504, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvrp:2504
    Note: In : Transportation Research Part E, 51(1), 67-81, 2013
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    5. Lee, Chung-Yee & Song, Dong-Ping, 2017. "Ocean container transport in global supply chains: Overview and research opportunities," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 442-474.
    6. Quartieri, Federico, 2017. "Are vessel sharing agreements pro-competitive?," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 11, pages 33-48.
    7. Chen, Pingping & Zhao, Ruiqing & Lan, Yanfei, 2022. "E-commerce platform canvassing and service upgrade in an ocean shipping supply chain," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 158(C).
    8. Liu, Jiaguo & Wang, Junjin, 2019. "Carrier alliance incentive analysis and coordination in a maritime transport chain based on service competition," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 333-355.
    9. Wang, Hua & Meng, Qiang & Zhang, Xiaoning, 2014. "Game-theoretical models for competition analysis in a new emerging liner container shipping market," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 201-227.
    10. Mohammad Ghorbani & Michele Acciaro & Sandra Transchel & Pierre Cariou, 2022. "Strategic alliances in container shipping: A review of the literature and future research agenda," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 24(2), pages 439-465, June.
    11. Zhong, Huiling & Zhang, Fa & Gu, Yimiao, 2021. "A Stackelberg game based two-stage framework to make decisions of freight rate for container shipping lines in the emerging blockchain-based market," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 149(C).
    12. Tan, Zhijia & Meng, Qiang & Wang, Fan & Kuang, Hai-bo, 2018. "Strategic integration of the inland port and shipping service for the ocean carrier," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 90-109.
    13. Qu, Chenrui & Wang, Grace W.Y. & Zeng, Qingcheng, 2017. "Modelling port subsidy policies considering pricing decisions of feeder carriers," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 115-133.
    14. Lijuan Yang & Eldon Y. Li & Yu Zhang, 2020. "Pricing and Subsidy Models for Transshipment Sustainability in the Three Gorges Dam Region of China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(17), pages 1-20, August.
    15. Zheng, Shiyuan & Luo, Meifeng, 2021. "Competition or cooperation? Ports’ strategies and welfare analysis facing shipping alliances," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 153(C).
    16. Llano, C. & De la Mata, T. & Díaz-Lanchas, J. & Gallego, N., 2017. "Transport-mode competition in intra-national trade: An empirical investigation for the Spanish case," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 334-355.
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    18. Song, Zhuzhu & Tang, Wansheng & Zhao, Ruiqing, 2019. "Encroachment and canvassing strategy in a sea-cargo service chain with empty container repositioning," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 276(1), pages 175-186.

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