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El comercio internacional en Colombia: una perspectiva diferente del TLC

  • Jan Ter Wengel

    ()

  • Luz Karine Ardila

    ()

  • Beatriz Ferreira Villegas

    ()

  • Luís Miguel Suárez Cruz

    ()

La nueva teoría del comercio internacional deja de lado las diferencias entre los países en cuanto a recursos y se enfoca en las decisiones de los empresarios para presentar una visión alternativa de las implicaciones de la firma del Tratado de libre Comercio. La nueva teoría pone énfasis en la heterogeneidad de las empresas, en la relevancia de la productividad y en los diversos costos fijos en que incurren las empresas para producir para el mercado domestico o para mercados internacionales. Los nuevos modelos del comercio internacional predicen que las empresas grandes son las que más se benefician de una liberación del comercio como la planteada en el TLC. En contraposición a la gran empresa, la pequeña empresa sufre los embates de la competencia externa y frecuentemente tiene que reducir aún más su tamaño o cerrar. El cierre de pequeñas empresas puede traer altos costos sociales en términos de empleo, pérdida de diversidad en la economía y debilitamiento de la base para la generación de nuevas tecnologías y renovación del aparato productivo. Se recomienda buscar un equilibrio entre el fomento a las exportaciones y la protección a la pequeña empresa. Una sugerencia que se presenta en particular es buscar la reducción de los costos de acceso a los mercados internacionales por las pequeñas empresas.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ in its series DOCUMENTOS DE ECONOMÍA with number 004446.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 03 Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000108:004446
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  1. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
  2. repec:rus:hseeco:122439 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Jonathan Eaton, Marcela Eslava, Maurice Kugler,James Tybout, 1970. "Export Dynamics in Colombia: Firm-Level Evidence," Working Papers eg0036, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics, revised 1970.
  4. Sanghamitra Das & Mark J. Roberts & James R. Tybout, 2001. "Market Entry Costs, Producer Heterogeneity, and Export Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 8629, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Jan Ter Wengel & Juan Francisco Martínez Rojas & Beatriz Ferreira Villegas & Germán Pérez Hernández, 2006. "Dinámica y productividad de la industria colombiana: empleo, exportaciones y la pequeña empresa," DOCUMENTOS DE ECONOMÍA 002347, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
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