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Inserción de la migración interna y el desplazamiento forzado en el mercado laboral urbano de Colombia


  • Carolina Silva


  • Juan Carlos Guataqui



Los resultados de la inserción económica de migrantes recientes y de desplazados forzados en el mercado laboral de las 10 principales ciudades de Colombia se analizan utilizando datos de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares. Adaptamos el marco teórico de selección del migrante internacional de Borjas (1982, 1985, 1987, 1990) al caso de la migración interna voluntaria e involuntaria y mediante estimaciones de modelos Logit de acceso al empleo y de ecuaciones mincerianas, ilustramos el proceso de selección positiva de los migrantes recientes y sustentamos empíricamente los resultados teóricos esperados de la inserción laboral del desplazado forzado al mercado laboral urbano, encontrando que exhibe menor probabilidad de acceso al empleo que el migrante económico y que el nativo, y padece un diferencial salarial explicado en gran parte por su condición de migrante forzado, lo cual ofrece sustento al efecto teórico esperado de una decisión exógena de migrar sugerido por Borjas (1987).***************************************************************************************************************The economic outcomes of the inception of both recent migrants and IDPs into the labor market of themain 10 urban areas of Colombia are analized using information from the Continous Household Survey(ECH). We adapt the theoretical framework provided by Borjas (1982, 1985, 1987, 1990) to the case ofboth voluntary and forced internal migration, and through estimations of a Logit model of employmentaccess and Mincerian equations, we sustain the positive selection process experienced by recent migrants and provide empirical evidence to the expected theoretical results regarding the labor inception of IDPs into the urban labor market, as they exhibit lower comparative probabilities of getting a job and bear a wage differential mostly explained by their migrant condition. All these provides support to the theoretical effect expected from an exogenous migration decision as suggested by Borjas (1987).

Suggested Citation

  • Carolina Silva & Juan Carlos Guataqui, 2007. "Inserción de la migración interna y el desplazamiento forzado en el mercado laboral urbano de Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo 002879, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:002879

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. A. D. Roy, 1951. "Some Thoughts On The Distribution Of Earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 135-146.
    2. Schultz, T Paul, 1971. "Rural-Urban Migration in Colombia," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(2), pages 157-163, May.
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    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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