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La restitución de tierras y la estabilización socioeconómica de los hogares desplazados en Colombia ¿Cómo vamos?

Author

Listed:
  • Jorge H. Maldonado

    ()

  • Andrei Romero

    ()

  • Viviana León-Jurado

    ()

Abstract

Con la implementación la Ley 1448 de 2011 se estableció que la restitución de tierras a los hogares que fueron víctimas del conflicto armado es responsabilidad de la Unidad Administrativa Especial de Gestión y Restitución de Tierras (URT). Entre varias estrategias reparadoras que hacen parte del proceso de restitución se encuentra el Programa Proyectos Productivos (PPP) que tiene como objetivo apoyar financiera y técnicamente a las familias víctimas del conflicto que retornan a sus tierras. En este documento, se presentan los resultados de la evaluación cuantitativa de impacto del PPP utilizando información de 880 hogares en siete departamentos del país y luego de cinco años de implementación del programa. En particular, se llevaron a cabo dos ejercicios que estudian el efecto de la exposición al programa. Por un lado, se evaluó la exposición neta al tratamiento indagando por la existencia de efectos no lineales en el tiempo. Y, por otro lado, se estimaron efectos heterogéneos que surgen de la variación en las metodologías de implementación del programa y efectos de género en la jefatura del hogar. Los resultados sugieren que los hogares reducen consistentemente el nivel de pobreza, mejoran sus condiciones de seguridad alimentaria, tienen un mayor bienestar percibido e incrementan el valor de sus activos tanto en el corto como en el mediano plazo.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge H. Maldonado & Andrei Romero & Viviana León-Jurado, 2020. "La restitución de tierras y la estabilización socioeconómica de los hogares desplazados en Colombia ¿Cómo vamos?," Documentos CEDE 018361, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:018361
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Patricio S. Dalton & Sayantan Ghosal & Anandi Mani, 2016. "Poverty and Aspirations Failure," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 126(590), pages 165-188, February.
    2. Keswell, Malcolm & Carter, Michael R., 2014. "Poverty and land redistribution," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 250-261.
    3. Rocío Moreno Sánchez & Christian Rozo & Jorge Higinio Maldonado, 2020. "Proyectos productivos en tierras restituidas a víctimas del conflicto armado colombiano: un análisis de impacto cualitativo," Documentos CEDE 018101, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    4. Francesco Bogliacino & Gianluca Grimalda & Laura JimeÌ nez & Daniel Reyes Galvis & Cristiano Codagnone, 2019. "Trust and trustworthiness after a land restitution program: Lab-in-the-field evidence from Colombia," HiCN Working Papers 291, Households in Conflict Network.
    5. Emilia Tjernström & Patricia Toledo & Michael R. Carter, 2013. "Identifying the Impact Dynamics of a Small-Farmer Development Scheme in Nicaragua," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 95(5), pages 1359-1365.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Víctimas del Conflicto Armado; Ley de víctimas y restitución de tierras; proyectos productivos; pobreza; activos productivos; bienestar.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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