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Análisis digital y detección de elecciones atípicas

Listed author(s):
  • Diego Jara


  • Felipe Parra


  • Alvaro Riascos


  • Mauricio Romero


Este trabajo utiliza la Ley de Newcomb-Benford y las pruebas de Beber y Scacco para analizar las elecciones presidenciales desde 1958 hasta el 2006, las presidenciales de 1922, las elecciones de Congreso en 2010, y las votaciones para Alcalde en Cali del 2007. Este es el primer estudio y aplicación sistemática de técnicas cuantitativas para la detección de anomalías en resultados electorales en Colombia. Aunque estas técnicas no ofrecen una prueba de la existencia de fraude, ni identifican el origen o receptor de una posible manipulación de los datos, sí permiten generar alertas que podrían ser utilizadas para priorizar investigaciones. Los resultados muestran la existencia de resultados atípicos en las elecciones presidenciales de 1970 y en las de Senado y Cámara de 2010. También se observan, aunque en menor grado, votaciones atípicas en las presidenciales de 1922, 1982, y en las votaciones de la Alcaldía de Cali 2007.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 009064.

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Length: 34
Date of creation: 31 Aug 2011
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:009064
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  1. Isaías N. Chaves & Leopoldo Fergusson & James A. Robinson, 2009. "He Who Counts Elects: Determinants of Fraud in the 1922 Colombian Presidential Election," NBER Working Papers 15127, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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