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Funciones de producción y eficiencia técnica en el eje cafetero colombiano: una aproximación con frontera estocástica

Listed author(s):
  • Jorge Andrés Perdomo


  • Darrell Hueth


Este estudio estimó la forma funcional de producción cafetera en Colombia mediante fronterasestocásticas (FEP). Con esto, se analizó la importancia de los principales insumos empleados en la producción de café (cantidad de hectáreas cultivadas, mano de obra utilizada, maquinaria requerida y cantidad de fertilizantes aplicados), que afectan la productividad. Igualmente, se determinó la existencia de economías a escala en productores pequeños, medianos, grandes y sector general cafetero; ubicados en Caldas, Quindío y Risaralda. Finalmente, fue evaluada la eficiencia técnica (ET) en la producción.Entre los principales resultados, se destaca que la función de producción cafetera tiene una forma funcional Translog minflex Laurent para pequeños, medianos, grandes y sector general del eje cafetero colombiano. Así, para pequeños, medianos y sector general de cafeteros existe ineficiencia técnica y estocástica en la actividad agrícola; caso contrario, en grandes que son eficientes técnicamente aunque no estocásticamente.Por consiguiente, la medida de eficiencia técnica obtenida mediante FEP, indica que el promedio de rendimiento para el sector general es de 70%, en pequeños 70%, medianos 66% y grandes del 99%.Dada la heterogeneidad, en la producción de café, los pequeños, medianos y sector general decaficultores presentan rendimientos crecientes a escala, mientras los grandes cafeteros exhibenrendimientos decrecientes a escala; en el eje cafetero colombiano. De acuerdo con estos resultados, el insumo más importante en el sector cafetero, unidades medianas y pequeñas es el área productiva en café, mientras para los grandes es la mano de obra empleada en el cultivo.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 007606.

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Length: 127
Date of creation: 01 Aug 2010
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:007606
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  1. Coelli, Tim & Fleming, Euan, 2004. "Diversification economies and specialisation efficiencies in a mixed food and coffee smallholder farming system in Papua New Guinea," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 31(2-3), pages 229-239, December.
  2. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
  3. Cardenas, Gabriela & Vedenov, Dmitry V. & Houston, Jack E., 2005. "Analysis of Production Efficiency of Mexican Coffee-Producing Districts," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19470, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
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