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Les enjeux de l'économie souterraine


  • Bernard Fortin


In this text, the underground economy is presented as a natural reaction of consumers and producers to the constraints and costs imposed by the government on exchanges. We provide a definition of the underground economy and discuss the causes and consequences of this phenomenon. We also present an analysis of some methods used by researchers to measure its importance. We finally insist on the necessity in the future to obtain new sources of information in order to better understand the factors that influence the decisions to work and to consume in the underground economy. Dans ce texte, l'économie souterraine est présentée comme une réaction naturelle des consommateurs et des producteurs en présence des contraintes ou des coûts que l'État tente d'imposer aux échanges. Nous offrons une définition de l'économie souterraine et nous discutons des causes et des conséquences de ce phénomène. Nous présentons en outre une analyse de certaines méthodes utilisées par les chercheurs pour en évaluer l'ampleur. Nous insistons enfin sur la nécessité dans le futur d'obtenir des sources nouvelles d'information afin de mieux comprendre les facteurs qui influencent les décisions de travailler et de consommer au noir.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard Fortin, 2002. "Les enjeux de l'économie souterraine," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-89, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-89

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fortin, B. & Lemieux, T. & Frechette, P., 1990. "An Empirical Model Of Labor Supply In The Underground Economy.," Papers 9005, Laval - Recherche en Politique Economique.
    2. Lacroix, Guy & Fortin, Bernard, 1992. "Utility-Based Estimation of Labour Supply Functions in the Regular and Irregular Sectors," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(415), pages 1407-1422, November.
    3. Bernard Fortin & Gaétan Garneau & Guy Lacroix & Thomas Lemieux & Claude Montmarquette, 1996. "L'économie souterraine au Québec : Mythes et réalités," CIRANO Monographs, CIRANO, number 1996mo-01.
    4. Rolf Mirus & Roger S. Smith & Vladimir Karoleff, 1994. "Canada's Underground Economy Revisited: Update and Critique," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 20(3), pages 235-252, September.
    5. Cowell, Frank A, 1985. "The Economic Analysis of Tax Evasion," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(3), pages 163-193, September.
    6. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
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