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Environmental Performance of Canadian Pulp and Paper Plants: Why Some Do Well and Others Do Not ?


  • Julie Doonan
  • Paul Lanoie
  • Benoit Laplante


It is generally recognized that firms face both internal and external pressure to improve their environmental performance. However, few studies have attempted to delineate the importance of those various sources of pressure as firms' managers themselves perceive them. In this study, we show that managers in the Canadian pulp and paper industry perceive government and public, but not financial and consumer markets, as the most important source of pressure. We also show that involvement of the firm's higher level management and environmental education of employees are important determinants of the firm's performance. While the paper provides a better understanding of the determinants of environmental performance, it re-asserts the crucial role of strong government regulatory intervention. Il est généralement reconnu que les firmes font face à des pressions internes et externes pour qu'elles améliorent leur performance environnementale. Cependant, peu d'études ont tenté d'identifier l'importance de ces différentes sources de pression tel que les gestionnaires les perçoivent. Dans cette étude, nous montrons que les directeurs «environnement» de l'industrie canadienne des pâtes et papiers perçoivent le gouvernement et le public comme les sources de pression les plus importantes, devant les marchés financiers et les consommateurs. Nous montrons également que l'implication de la haute direction à l'égard de l'environnement et la formation des employés par rapport à la problématique environnementale sont des déterminants importants de la performance environnementale. Cette recherche nous aide donc à mieux comprendre les déterminants de la performance environnementale et elle permet de réaffirmer le rôle crucial joué par une intervention gouvernementale vigoureuse dans le domaine.

Suggested Citation

  • Julie Doonan & Paul Lanoie & Benoit Laplante, 2002. "Environmental Performance of Canadian Pulp and Paper Plants: Why Some Do Well and Others Do Not ?," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-24, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-24

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin & Erwann Michel-Kerjan, 2001. "The Public-Private Sector Risk-Sharing in the French Insurance "Cat. Nat. System"""," CIRANO Working Papers 2001s-60, CIRANO.
    2. John M. Maheu & Thomas H. McCurdy, 2002. "Nonlinear Features of Realized FX Volatility," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(4), pages 668-681, November.
    3. Christoffersen, Peter & Ghysels, Eric & Swanson, Norman R., 2002. "Let's get "real" about using economic data," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 343-360, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Chakraborti, Lopamudra, 2016. "Do plants’ emissions respond to ambient environmental quality? Evidence from the clean water act," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 55-69.
    2. Doonan, Julie & Lanoie, Paul & Laplante, Benoit, 2005. "Determinants of environmental performance in the Canadian pulp and paper industry: An assessment from inside the industry," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 73-84, October.


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