The use of economics in the evaluation of nutritional problems and policy
Nutrition has recently assumed a far greater importance as individuals are increasingly concerned with what they eat. Environmental and global issues has stimulated a growing awareness about the effect of chemicals and intensive farming methods while on an individual level, growing affluence has meant that price is no longer of utmost importance to many consumers who concentrate instead on the variety and dietary quality of food. At the same time the poor, both in the industrialised economies and in LDCs, continue to find it difficult to maintain basic nutritional levels. This is despite the expectation that agricultural technology could relieve such problems. There are therefore important nutritional issues to be addressed both of quality and quantity and how these affect health status, productive capacity and individual welfare. Economists have contributed to this evaluation by analysing nutritional problems of both quantity and quality. A framework within which nutrition policy is evaluated can be constructed from economic theory that considers the possible justifications for intervening in markets and the methods of undertaking such action. The aims of this review are: firstly, to show how economics has contributed to the study of nutrition; secondly, to examine how an economic framework can be used to analyse the efficacy and desirability of policy intervention; and finally to look at potential areas for further study.
|Date of creation:||Oct 1990|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: York Y010 5DD|
Phone: (01904) 321401
Web page: http://www.york.ac.uk/che
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Cropper, M L, 1977. "Health, Investment in Health, and Occupational Choice," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(6), pages 1273-94, December.
- Wolfe, Barbara L. & Behrman, Jere R., 1982. "Determinants of child mortality, health, and nutrition in a developing country," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 163-193, October.
- Horton, Susan, 1986. "Child nutrition and family size in the Philippines," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 161-176, September.
- Glaister, Stephen, 1974. "Advertising Policy and Returns to Scale in Markets where Information is Passed Between Individuals," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 41(162), pages 139-56, May.
- Culyer, A J, 1971. "Merit Goods and the Welfare Economics of Coercion," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 26(4), pages 546-72.
- Bliss, C. J. & Stern, N. H., 1982. "Palanpur: The Economy of an Indian Village," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284192, December.
- Dasgupta, Partha & Ray, Debraj, 1987. "Inequality as a Determinant of Malnutrition and Unemployment: Policy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(385), pages 177-88, March.
- Bliss, Christopher & Stern, Nicholas, 1978. "Productivity, wages and nutrition : Part II: Some observations," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 363-398, December.
- Culyer, A J, 1971. "The Nature of the Commodity 'Health Care' and Its Efficient Allocation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(2), pages 189-211, July.
- Selowsky, Marcelo, 1981. "Nutrition, health and education: The economic significance of complementarities at early age," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 331-346, December.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:chy:respap:77chedp. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Frances Sharp)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.