IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Are Capital Structure Decisions of Family-Owned SMEs Different? Empirical Evidence From Portugal


  • Zélia Serrasqueiro

    () (Management and Economics Department, Beira Interior University and CEFAGE-UE)

  • Paulo Maçãs Nunes

    () (Management and Economics Department, Beira Interior University and CEFAGE-UE)

  • Jacinto Vidigal da Silva

    () (Management Department, Évora University, and CEFAGE-UE)


This study analyses if ownership structure is an important determinant of capital structure decisions, on basis of two sub-samples of family-owned and non-family owned SMEs, sing panel data models. The results suggest that family ownership is an important determinant for: i) the variations of short and long-term debt stimulated by the financial deficit; and ii) the rate of adjustment of short and long-term debt toward the respective target levels. The empirical evidence obtained in this study suggests that family-owned firms have the possibility to reach their target short and long-term debt ratios, corroborating the assumptions of Trade-Off Theory. Whereas non-family owned firms follow almost exclusively the behaviour forecasted by Pecking Order Theory, i.e., when internal finance is insufficient, those firms turn to short-term debt, and their variations of short-term debt are almost exclusively a consequence of the financial deficit.

Suggested Citation

  • Zélia Serrasqueiro & Paulo Maçãs Nunes & Jacinto Vidigal da Silva, 2011. "Are Capital Structure Decisions of Family-Owned SMEs Different? Empirical Evidence From Portugal," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2011_11, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
  • Handle: RePEc:cfe:wpcefa:2011_11

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Stavros H. Arvanitis & Irakleia S. Tzigkounaki & Theodoros V. Stamatopoulos & Eleftherios I. Thalassinos, 2012. "Dynamic Approach of Capital Structure of European Shipping Companies," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 5(3), pages 33-63, December.

    More about this item


    Family-Owned SMEs; Long-Term Debt; Non-Family Owned SMEs; Panel Data Models; Short-Term Debt.;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cfe:wpcefa:2011_11. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Angela Pacheco). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.