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Tax Base Erosion and Inequity from Michigan's Assessment Growth Limit: The Case of Detroit

Author

Listed:
  • Timothy R. Hodge
  • Mark Skidmore
  • Gary Sands
  • Daniel McMillen

Abstract

In this paper we examine the degree to which Michigan’s property value assessment growth cap has eroded the tax base and created substantial differences in effective tax rates among residential properties within the City of Detroit. While the analysis focuses on a specific city with significant tax base erosion challenges, it is relevant to other cities in Michigan and across the nation, particularly in states that impose assessment growth limits. Using quantile regression techniques, we examine how an assessment growth cap alters effective tax rate distributions within and across property value groups. Results show that the cap creates a wide range of effective tax rates across properties of similar value (horizontal inequity), and similar tax payments for properties of differing values (vertical inequity).

Suggested Citation

  • Timothy R. Hodge & Mark Skidmore & Gary Sands & Daniel McMillen, 2013. "Tax Base Erosion and Inequity from Michigan's Assessment Growth Limit: The Case of Detroit," CESifo Working Paper Series 4098, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4098
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/cesifo1_wp4098.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Skidmore, Mark & Tosun, Mehmet S., 2010. "Property Value Assessment Growth Limits, Tax Base Erosion and Regional In-Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 4906, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Moshe Buchinsky, 1998. "Recent Advances in Quantile Regression Models: A Practical Guideline for Empirical Research," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(1), pages 88-126.
    3. Dye, Richard F. & McMillen, Daniel P. & Merriman, David F., 2006. "Illinois' Response to Rising Residential Property Values: An Assessment Growth Cap in Cook County," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 59(3), pages 707-716, September.
    4. Skidmore, Mark & Ballard, Charles L. & Hodge, Timothy R., 2010. "Property Value Assessment Growth Limits and Redistribution of Property Tax Payments: Evidence From Michigan," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 63(3), pages 509-537, September.
    5. Skidmore, Mark, 1999. "Tax and Expenditure Limitations and the Fiscal Relationships between State and Local Governments," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 99(1-2), pages 77-102, April.
    6. Mark Skidmore & Mehmet S. Tosun, 2011. "Property Value Assessment Growth Limits, Tax Base Erosion, and Regional In-Migration," Public Finance Review, , vol. 39(2), pages 256-287, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. James Alm & Timothy R. Hodge & Gary Sands & Mark Skidmore, 2015. "Detroit Property Tax Delinquency---Social Contract in Crisis," Working Papers 1508, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    2. Alm, James & Hodge, Timothy R. & Sands, Gary & Skidmore, Mark, 2014. "Property Tax Delinquency - Social Contract in Crisis: The Case of Detroit," Working Paper Series 3149, Victoria University of Wellington, Chair in Public Finance.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    property tax; assessment growth limit; equity; quantile regression;

    JEL classification:

    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue

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