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Euro Area SMEs under Financial Constraints: Belief or Reality?

Author

Listed:
  • Concha Artola
  • Veronique Genre

Abstract

During the recent financial crisis, euro area firms, and especially Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, have been reporting acute problems of access to external finance. Using firm-level replies to the SME survey on access to finance, we use two indicators of financing constraints based on perceptions on the one side and on experienced financing constraints on the other and run probit and multinomial regressions model to determine which firms’, sectoral or national characteristics drove perceptions and experienced financial constraints during the recent financial turmoil. We find that perceptions of financing crunch was broadly based across firms but those firms who really experienced a credit crunch tended to be small and young, confirming the fact that SMEs tend to suffer more when credit standards are tightened.

Suggested Citation

  • Concha Artola & Veronique Genre, 2011. "Euro Area SMEs under Financial Constraints: Belief or Reality?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3650, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3650
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/cesifo1_wp3650.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ryan Banerjee, 2014. "SMEs, financial constraints and growth," BIS Working Papers 475, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Casey, Eddie & O'Toole, Conor M., 2014. "Bank lending constraints, trade credit and alternative financing during the financial crisis: Evidence from European SMEs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 173-193.
    3. Paloma López-García & José Manuel Montero & Enrique Moral-Benito, 2012. "Business cycles and investment in intangibles: evidence from Spanish firms," Working Papers 1219, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    4. Besa SHAHINI, 2016. "Financial Constraints Of Small And Medium Enterprises: Case Of Albania," Journal of Social and Economic Statistics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, vol. 5(1), pages 21-34, JULY.
    5. Moder, Isabella & Bonifai, Niccolò, 2017. "Access to finance in the Western Balkans," Occasional Paper Series 197, European Central Bank.
    6. repec:kap:sbusec:v:51:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9918-y is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Petr Koráb & Jitka Pomenková, 2014. "Financial Crisis and Financing Constraints of SMEs in Visegrad Countries," WIFO Working Papers 485, WIFO.
    8. repec:eee:intfin:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:76-93 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Bremus, Franziska Maria & Neugebauer, Katja, 2015. "Don't Stop Me Now: The Impact of Credit Market Segmentation on Firms' Financing Constraints," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112857, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    10. Priscila Ferreira & George Saridakis, 2016. "Firm Shutdown During the Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises: Empirical Evidence from Portugal," NIMA Working Papers 61, Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA), Universidade do Minho.
    11. Bremus, Franziska & Neugebauer, Katja, 2018. "Reduced cross-border lending and financing costs of SMEs," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 35-58.
    12. repec:fau:fauart:v:67:y:2017:i:2:p:119-139 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Miguel García-Posada Gómez, 2018. "Credit constraints, firms investment and growth evidence from survey data," Working Papers 1808, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    14. Demary, Markus & Hornik, Joanna & Watfe, Gibran, 2016. "SME financing in the EU: Moving beyond one-size-fits-all," IW-Reports 11/2016, Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln (IW) / Cologne Institute for Economic Research.
    15. Annalisa Ferrando & Klaas Mulier, 2015. "Firms’ Financing Constraints: Do Perceptions Match the Actual Situation?," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 46(1), pages 87-117.
    16. Zapata S., Willy W. & Eisele, María Kristina, 2013. "Possible transmission of adverse shocks from the recent financial crisis to Central America through trade finance," Estudios y Perspectivas – Sede Subregional de la CEPAL en México 141, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    17. Federico Lubello & Abdelaziz Rouabah, 2017. "Capturing macroprudential regulation effectiveness: A DSGE approach with shadow intermediaries," BCL working papers 114, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    18. Franziska M. Bremus, 2015. "The Debate about Financing Constraints of SMEs in Europe," DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus 66, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    19. Mac an Bhaird, Ciarán & Vidal, Javier Sanchez & Lucey, Brian, 2016. "Discouraged borrowers: Evidence for Eurozone SMEs," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 46-55.
    20. Gómez, Miguel García-Posada, 2018. "Credit constraints, firm investment and growth: evidence from survey data," Working Paper Series 2126, European Central Bank.
    21. repec:taf:ijecbs:v:24:y:2017:i:2:p:153-179 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Moritz, Alexandra & Block, Joern H. & Heinz, Andreas, 2015. "Financing patterns of European SMEs: An Empirical Taxonomy," EIF Working Paper Series 2015/30, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    23. Alexandra Moritz & Joern H. Block & Andreas Heinz, 2016. "Financing patterns of European SMEs -- an empirical taxonomy," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 115-148, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial crisis; financing constraints; credit rationing; small and medium-sized enterprises; survey data;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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