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FDI and the Relevance of Spatial Linkages: Do third Country Effects Matter for Dutch FDI?

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  • Harry Garretsen
  • Jolanda Peeters

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to test for the relevance of spatial linkages for Dutch (outbound) FDI. To do so, and based on recent FDI theories, we estimate a spatial lag model to assess the importance of spatial linkages for Dutch FDI to 18 host countries. As a determinant of FDI, space or geography also enters our empirical analysis through the market size and a corporate income tax variable. Our paper is among the few to date to take spatial linkages with respect to FDI into account. The Dutch case is also interesting because Dutch firms account for a large part of global FDI and related research has so far focused mainly on US FDI. After controlling for fixed effects, we find for our sample period 1984-2004 that third country effects matter, but the results are somewhat sensitive to sample and model selection. Apart from our benchmark spatial lag model, we discuss and estimate various alternative models notably by looking at European host FDI countries only, by dividing FDI into industry and services FDI and by estimating a spatial error model as well.

Suggested Citation

  • Harry Garretsen & Jolanda Peeters, 2008. "FDI and the Relevance of Spatial Linkages: Do third Country Effects Matter for Dutch FDI?," CESifo Working Paper Series 2191, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_2191
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yuyuan Wen, 2014. "The spillover effect of FDI and its impact on productivity in high economic output regions: A comparative analysis of the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, China," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(2), pages 341-365, June.
    2. Boubacar, Inoussa, 2016. "Spatial determinants of U.S. FDI and exports in OECD countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 135-144.
    3. Eckhardt Bode & Peter Nunnenkamp & Andreas Waldkirch, 2012. "Spatial effects of foreign direct investment in US states," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(1), pages 16-40, February.
    4. Esiyok, Bulent & Ugur, Mehmet, 2011. "Foreign direct investment in provinces: A spatial regression approach to FDI in Vietnam," MPRA Paper 36145, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Jan 2012.
    5. José-Antonio Monteiro & Madina Kukenova, 2008. "Does Lax Environmental Regulation Attract FDI When Accounting For "Third-Country" Effects?," IRENE Working Papers 08-01, IRENE Institute of Economic Research.
    6. Xinye Zheng & Feng Song & Yihua Yu & Shunfeng Song, 2015. "In Search of Fiscal Interactions: A Spatial Analysis of Chinese Provincial Infrastructure Spending," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 860-876, November.
    7. repec:bla:jecrev:v:68:y:2017:i:1:p:95-114 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Richard Baldwin & Toshihiro Okubo, 2014. "Networked FDI: Sales and Sourcing Patterns of Japanese Foreign Affiliates," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(8), pages 1051-1080, August.
    9. Laura Casi & Laura Resmini, 2014. "Spatial complexity and interactions in the FDI attractiveness of regions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93, pages 51-78, November.
    10. Rodolfo Metulini & Massimo Riccaboni & Paolo Sgrignoli & Zhen Zhu, 2017. "The Indirect Effects of FDI on Trade: A Network Perspective," Working Papers 04/2017, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised Mar 2017.
    11. Laura Resmini & Laura Casi, 2013. "Spatial complexity and interactions in regions' FDI attractiveness," ERSA conference papers ersa13p1063, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Steven Poelhekke & Frederick van der Ploeg, 2009. "Foreign Direct Investment And Urban Concentrations: Unbundling Spatial Lags," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(4), pages 749-775.
    13. Debarsy, Nicolas & Jin, Fei & Lee, Lung-fei, 2015. "Large sample properties of the matrix exponential spatial specification with an application to FDI," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 188(1), pages 1-21.
    14. Enrico Marelli & Laura Resmini & Marcello Signorelli, 2014. "The Effects Of Inward Fdi On Regional Employment In Europe," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 8(1), pages 1-23, JUNE.
    15. Martijn Regelink & J. Paul Elhorst, 2015. "The spatial econometrics of FDI and third country effects," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 1-13, March.
    16. Ozlem Onaran & Valerie Boesch & Markus Leibrecht, 2012. "How Does Globalization Affect The Implicit Tax Rates On Labor Income, Capital Income, And Consumption In The European Union?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 50(4), pages 880-904, October.
    17. Dikova, Desislava & Smeets, Roger & Garretsen, Harry & Van Ees, Hans, 2013. "Immediate responses to financial crises: A focus on US MNE subsidiaries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 202-215.
    18. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:10:p:2193-2225 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Chou, Kuang-Hann & Chen, Chien-Hsun & Mai, Chao-Cheng, 2011. "The impact of third-country effects and economic integration on China's outward FDI," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 2154-2163, September.
    20. Shalendra Sharma & Miao Wang & M. C. Sunny Wong, 2014. "FDI Location and the Relevance of Spatial Linkages: Evidence from Provincial and Industry FDI in China," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 86-104, February.
    21. Anwar, Sajid & Nguyen, Lan Phi, 2011. "Foreign direct investment and trade: The case of Vietnam," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 39-52, January.
    22. Arun, Korhan & Yıldırım, Durmuş Çağrı, 2017. "Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Intellectual Property, Patents and R&D," MPRA Paper 80470, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. repec:bla:worlde:v:39:y:2016:i:12:p:2046-2073 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Amélie Guillin, 2011. "Comparison between FDI motivations in goods and services," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(4), pages 2744-2756.

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    JEL classification:

    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General

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