Macroeconomic Effects of Social Security Privatization in a Small Unionized Economy
This paper analyses the effects of a pension system privatization in a unionized economy. Using an overlapping-generations framework we show that in an environment characterized by unemployment, a reform towards a private pension system in the steady state may result in lower levels of employment and capital stock. In this case even if the privatization increases the welfare of all future generations, the reduction in the welfare of the elderly due to reduced pension benefits may be greater and a Pareto improving transition to a private system may not be feasible. On the other hand if the reform leads to higher employment then a Pareto-improving pension privatization scheme can be constructed.
|Date of creation:||2004|
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- Edward M. Gramlich, 1996.
"Different Approaches for Dealing with Social Security,"
Journal of Economic Perspectives,
American Economic Association, vol. 10(3), pages 55-66, Summer.
- Gramlich, Edward M, 1996. "Different Approaches for Dealing with Social Security," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 358-62, May.
- Lawrence H. Summers, 1988.
"Relative Wages, Efficiency Wages, and Keynesian Unemployment,"
NBER Working Papers
2590, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Relative Wages, Efficiency Wages, and Keynesian Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 383-88, May.
- Morley Gunderson & Douglas Hyatt & James E. Pesando, 1992. "Wage-Pension Trade-offs in Collective Agreements," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 46(1), pages 146-160, October.
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